COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Cultural employment as share of total employment (2011-2017)

(in %)

Country/Year

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Austria

3.8

4.0

4.2

4.0

4.0

4.1

4.1

Belgium

3.8

4.0

3.8

4.0

4.0

3.9

4.3

Bulgaria

2.5

2.6

2.7

2.6

2.8

2.8

2.7

Croatia

3.6

3.7

3.4

3.8

3.4

3.1

3.5

Cyprus

2.9

3.0

3.3

3.1

3.4

3.5

3.5

Czechia

3.6

3.8

3.9

3.8

3.7

4.1

3.9

Denmark

4.6

4.7

4.7

4.5

4.6

4.4

4.3

Estonia

5.1

5.8

5.6

4.6

5.3

5.3

5.5

Finland

5.2

5.0

4.8

4.8

5.1

4.8

4.7

France

3.4

3.3

3.5

3.4

3.2

3.3

3.5

Germany

4.1

4.3

4.2

4.1

4.1

4.0

4.0

Greece

3.1

3.5

3.5

3.2

2.9

3.2

3.2

Hungary

3.7

3.7

3.9

3.7

3.7

3.6

3.3

Ireland

3.5

3.5

3.7

3.8

3.6

3.7

3.5

Iceland

5.4

5.4

5.8

5.7

6.0

6.2

5.8

Italy

3.5

3.6

3.5

3.5

3.5

3.4

3.6

Latvia

3.4

3.6

3.9

3.9

4.0

4.5

4.0

Lithuania

3.6

3.7

3.8

4.0

4.0

3.6

3.7

Luxembourg

5.2

5.3

5.2

6.0

5.0

5.1

4.6

FYROM

3.9

4.0

3.4

3.2

3.0

3.2

3.2

Malta

3.9

3.9

4.2

4.4

4.3

4.2

4.7

Montenegro

4.1

3.6

4.6

4.1

3.3

3.3

3.6

Netherlands

4.4

4.5

4.7

4.6

4.6

4.5

4.5

Norway

4.5

4.6

4.4

4.0

3.9

3.9

3.9

Poland

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

Portugal

2.8

2.8

2.9

3.0

3.1

3.0

3.1

Romania

1.4

1.5

1.4

1.5

1.5

1.6

1.6

Spain

3.1

3.1

3.2

3.4

3.4

3.5

3.6

Sweden

4.7

4.8

4.8

4.7

4.7

5.0

4.8

Switzerland

4.8

4.9

4.8

4.7

4.9

4.8

4.7

Slovenia

4.3

4.6

5.0

4.7

4.5

4.6

4.7

Slovakia

2.6

2.6

2.2

2.6

2.5

2.5

2.9

Turkey

2.2

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.2

2.2

2.3

United Kingdom

4.3

4.5

4.5

4.5

4.6

4.6

4.7

Source:     Eurostat database (cult_emp_sex). 2018.