COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Key Resources / Informations générales / Hintergrunddokumente

Council of Europe / Conseil de l'Europe / Europarat

Recommendation No. 192 (2017) on mainstreaming a gender equality perspective in the implementation of the Convention as well as in the work of the Convention
In December 2017, the Standing Committee to the Bern Convention adopted Recommendation No. 192 (2017) on mainstreaming a gender equality perspective in the implementation of the Convention as well as in the work of the Convention.

European Union / Union Européenne / Europäische Union

The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE)
EIGE is an autonomous body of the European Union, established to contribute to and strengthen the promotion of gender equality, including gender mainstreaming in all EU policies and the resulting national policies, and the fight against discrimination based on sex, as well as to raise EU citizens’ awareness of gender equality.

The Gender Equality Index of the European Institute for Gender Equality (2017)
The Index measures gender gaps and takes into account the context and different levels of achievement of EU Member States within a range of relevant policy areas: work, money, knowledge, time, power and health. Additionally, it gives insights into violence against women and intersecting inequalities.

Discrimination in the EU in 2012 (11/2012)
This survey looks into attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards discrimination, based on different grounds (gender, ethnic origin, religion or beliefs, age, disability, sexual orientation and gender identity). As the last Eurobarometer on this topic, from 2009, this survey also includes several questions on the impact of the crisis on the implementation of anti-discrimination policies and efforts. New questions have been added to cover important or emerging topics, such as the situation of the Roma in Europe, discrimination outside the workplace or the links between discrimination and accessibility.

UNESCO

Precarious Situation for Women Working in the Field of Culture (November 2017)
The fact sheet Nr. 47 from the UNESCO Institute of Statistics offers a snapshot of the characteristics of persons employed in cultural jobs, with a particular focus on the profile of women.

2014 UNESCO Report on Gender Equality and Culture (2014)
The report demonstrates the need for deeper debate, research and awareness-raising on the need for equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities for women and men, boys and girls in the fields of heritage and creativity. Founded on UNESCO’s commitment to advancing human rights, including women’s rights, in cultural life, the report acknowledges culture as the enabler for all people, regardless of their gender to develop to their full potential.

Shaheed-Report on "Cultural Rights of Women" (08/2012)
The report of the Special Rapporteur in the field of Cultural Rights, Farida Shaheed, proposes to shift the paradigm from one that views culture as an obstacle to women’s rights to one that seeks to ensure equal enjoyment of cultural rights; such an approach also constitutes an important tool for the realization of all their human rights. The report underlines the right of women to have access to, participate in and contribute to all aspects of cultural life. This encompasses their right to actively engage in identifying and interpreting cultural heritage and to decide which cultural traditions, values or practices are to be kept, reoriented, modified or discarded.

Integrating Human Rights, Culture and Gender in Programming (2009)
Interactive manual for training workshops with UN-related development practitioners, published by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The aim of the manual is to show basics of how to communicate, negotiate and mediate about culturally sensitive issues. It includes a programming tool - the "Culture Lens" - developed by UNFPA, as well as discussion of how it relates to international development goals, and how it can be applied. As well, case studies from different national contexts and articles/reference documents related to culture have been added.

Research / Recherches / Forschung

Gender inequalities in the cultural sector - Culture Action Europe (April 2016)
This report compiled by Sandrine Pujar explains why ensuring gender equality in the cultural sector is capital. It describes how gender inequalities manifest themselves on the ground, why, in the way they do and how cultural actors can try to overcome them.

Funding for Inclusion - Women and Girls in the Equation (06/2012)
Research commissioned by GrantCraft and the international women's fund Mama Cash on the funding patterns of several foundations revealed that the European foundation community can play a much more central role in improving the position of women and girls worldwide. With the aim of inspiring and helping to tap this diversity potential by European foundations and to provide practical strategies, a guide has now been produced by Helen O'Connell, Andrea Lynch, Andrea Cornwall and Zsofia Lang. According to this guide, gender research as well as proper communication and media policies can be crucial points of departure for such strategies. GrantCraft is a joint project of the Foundation Center in New York and the European Foundation Centre (Brussels).