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Belgium/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

The national definition of culture is based upon the third constitutional revision in 1971 and covers the following fields:

  • the defence and illustration of the language;
  • encouragement for the training of researchers;
  • fine arts, including theatre and cinema;
  • cultural heritage, museums and other cultural scientific institutions;
  • libraries, record libraries and similar services;
  • radio and TV broadcasting (with the exception of government communication broadcasting and commercial advertising);
  • youth policy;
  • continuing education and cultural activity;
  • physical education, sport and outdoor life; and
  • leisure and tourism.

Successive reforms have impacted on cultural affairs, with new cultural responsibilities having been transferred from the State to the Communities:

  • certain types of training, including arts education; and
  • advertising on radio and TV and support for the press.

The following powers have been handed over to the Flemish, Walloon and Brussels regions:

  • in terms of cultural heritage: monuments and sites; and
  • tourism, infrastructures relating to physical education, sport and outdoor life.

Chapter published: 16-01-2018

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