COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Ukraine/ 8.4 Amateur arts, cultural associations and civil initiatives  

8.4.2 Cultural houses and community cultural clubs

The preservation of the network of cultural clubs and centres inherited from Soviet times has been a priority of the Ministry of Culture over the last years. Now, with acceleration of the decentralization process in Ukraine, this responsibility is given to local authorities and local communities.

In the rural communities these clubs and centres remain the main centre of cultural life and the platform for the development of amateur arts. For example, there are 976 clubs in the Poltava region with a population of 1.7 million. These clubs run 5 250 amateur circles, groups and associations, with 63 434 persons attending. In Kirovograd region with a population of 1.05 million, there are 582 clubs, which run 2 809 amateur groups.  Lack of financing and the transformation from state run institutions into community property led to a significant decrease in the number of clubs and cultural centres (see Table 29). The main problems of these institutions are maintenance and personnel: only about 5% of all clubs and cultural centres in the rural areas are provided with modern technology, and only 60% of staff are cultural specialists, 6% of whom have higher education. 35.7% of existing cultural clubs (or 6589) require repair or renewal; in some regions (Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia, Odessa, Poltava, Donetsk, Kherson) this number is above 50%. In most regions, many cultural clubs are not heated in winter. With some decrease in 2014, local communities began to renovate or restart activities of cultural club/house establishments in successive years.

Table 29:  Number of cultural clubs in Ukraine, in thousands, 2005-2016

Year

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Clubs

19.1

19.0

18.9

18.8

18.7

18.6

18.5

18.5

18.5

16,8

17,2

17,1

Source:    State Statistics Committee, 2017.

Graph 6:   Dynamics of cultural clubs in Ukraine, 2005-2016

Source:    State Statistics Committee, 2017.

New multi-functional cultural institutions were formed during last years in many regions, like cultural centres, folk and craft centres, club-museums, club-libraries, etc.

Table 30:  Cultural clubs in Ukraine at the end of 2016

Number of clubs

Capacity seating

Total

Including

Total

including

Urban areas

Rural areas

Urban areas

Rural areas

17 133

1 599

15 534

4 231 005

665 594

3 565 411

Source:    Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, 2017.


Chapter published: 09-02-2018

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