COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Book publishing in Ukraine declined in 2014 by almost 20%.

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Ukraine/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

More than 32 000 libraries under different competences and of different ownership operate in Ukraine. By the end of 2013, there were 19 100 libraries in the system of the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, including 4 543 libraries in towns and 14 673 in rural areas. Library stocks numbered 315 092 100 copies, including 183 837 100 in towns and 131 255 000 in rural areas.

Due to serious financial problems, libraries were not able to keep up their stocks and purchase new titles. Today, the average number of copies printed for a newly published book, according to the Book Chamber of Ukraine, 1 800. Therefore, most newly issued books are not available in local, especially village libraries. According to the Ukrainian Centre for Cultural Studies, there are 14 828 village libraries in Ukraine. Today, 32% of areas in Ukraine have no libraries.

Table 16:   Types and official ownership of libraries in Ukraine, 2013

Type and ownership

Number

Public libraries

19 100

Educational libraries

21 980

Libraries of Academy of Sciences

102

Libraries of Ministry of Agrarian Policy and National Academy of Agrarian Sciences

234

Medical libraries

916

Libraries of the Ukrainian Association of Blind Persons

79

Source:     Ukrainian Centre for Cultural Studies, 2013.

Table 17:   Number of libraries and stocks, 2007-2013

 

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Libraries, in thousand

25.6

23.8

20.7

19.8

20.1

19.5

19.3

19.2

19.1

Number of copies

419.0

369.9

343.0

329.5

338.2

325.5

317.6

315.1

311.2

Source:     Ukrainian Centre for Cultural Studies, 2013, 2014.

During the years of independence, the number of public libraries reduced by 4 005, including 3 518 in rural areas. According to the report of the Ministry of Culture, "the negative trend of reduction in the number of public libraries was caused by the decrease in population (demographic crisis), on the one hand, and the financial and economic situation in the country, on the other hand".

At the same time, according to the analytical research realised by the company GFK Ukraine, one in four Ukrainians do not read books. 73% of the population don't include books in the sphere of their interests. Experts claim that this decline is due to the outdated library collections and that to be educated is not in fashion now. According to analytical data, only 15% of Ukrainians read books daily, and 19% do it, at least, one time per month.

Table 18:   Participation figures for cultural activities in Ukraine, 1996-2013

 

1996

2000

2002

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Number of professional theatres

130

131

131

135

138

138

136

140

133

132

133

Number of spectators (million)

6.9

5.7

6.2

6.2

6.6

7.0

6.2

6.6

6.7

6.7

6.9

Number of concert organisations

53

61

67

78

79

77

77

83

82

88

85

Number of spectators (million)

4.8

3.8

6.6

4.4

4.2

4.0

3.8

4.2

4.1

4.6

4.6

Number of museums

324

378

376

437

458

478

499

546

570

592

608

Museum visitors (million)

16.5

16.0

17.5

18.9

21.1

21.9

20.8

21.7

21.8

22.4

22.3

Number of cinema units (in thousand)

13.3

6.9

5.3

3.3

3.0

2.4

2.2

2.2

2.2

1.7

1.6

Number of tickets sold (million)

14

6

9

10

18

11

11

9

15

16

14

Number of public libraries (in thousand)

23.3

20.7

20.4

19.8

20.8

20.6

20.1

19.5

19.3

19.2

19.1

Number of library collections (million copies)

364

343

339

330

345

352

338

326

318

315

311

Books (titles)

6 084

7 749

12 444

15 720

17 987

24 040

22 491

22 557

22 826

26 036

26 323

Books (thousand copies)

52

44

48

54

56

58

49

45

47

62

70

Source:     State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2014.

Table 19:   Number of visits to the cinema per capita, 1999-2003, 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2013

Year

Total

Cities

Rural area

1999

0.1

0.1

0.1

2000

0.13

0.14

0.11

2001

0.15

0.18

0.09

2002

0.18

0.23

0.12

2003

0.2

0.26

0.05

2009

0.3

0.33

0.05

2010

0.35

0.4

0.05

2012

0.36

0.47

0.05

2013

0.35

0.44

0.05

Source:     Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, 2014.

According to the Book Chamber of Ukraine, in the first half of 2014 Ukrainian publishing companies printed 9 062 titles, with the number of copies at 24 127 500. Compared to the same period in 2013, the number of titles published decreased by 1 932 and the number of copies declined by 4 470 200. 5 542 titles were published in Ukrainian, with 11 720 500 copies, that is, 61.2% of the total number of titles and 48.6% of the total number of copies. 2 608 titles were published in Russian (28.8%), with 12 983 400 copies (47.4%).

Table 20:   General information on book-publishing in Ukraine, 2013 and 2014

Product

2013 (first half)

2014 (first half)

Number of titles

Number
of copies

Number of titles

% versus 2013

Number of copies

% versus 2013

Books and booklets

10 994

28 597.7

9 062

82.4%

24 127.5

84.4%

in Ukrainian

6 698

14 318.8

5 542

82.7%

11 720.5

81.9%

in Russian

3 137

12 983.4

2 608

83.1%

11 425.5

88.0%

Source:     Book Chamber of Ukraine, 2015.

Table 21:   Average number of copies and number of books per capita, 2000-2013

Year

Average number of copies
(in thousand)

Average number of books per capita

2000

5.6

0.9

2001

4.7

1.0

2002

3.8

1.0

2003

2.9

0.8

2004

3.6

1.1

2005

3.4

1.15

2006

3.4

1.16

2007

3.1

1.21

2008

2.4

1.26

2009

2.2

1.05

2010

2.0

0.74

2011

1.9

0.7

2012

2.0

0.74

2103

1.8

0.68

Source:     Book Chamber of Ukraine, 2014.

Table 22 contains data on the monitoring of "Ukrainian society": the highest rates among leisure-time activities during the past 10 years are TV watching (76-87%), reading newspapers (34-67%), and listening to the radio (24-50%).

Table 22:   Leisure-time practice in Ukraine in %, 1994–2014

Activity

Years

1994

1998

2002

2006

2010

2012

2014

TV watching

79.2

80.1

76.5

87.4

86.6

83.1

75.9

Newspapers  - reading

53.6

61.9

61.2

66.5

51.9

47.2

34.1

Radio listening

47.3

50.2

43.6

50.4

32.7

32.3

23.9

Music listening

32.4

32.9

22.2

27.7

26.0

25.1

21.1

Reading fiction literature

37.7

35.0

24.4

24.1

21.1

19.9

17.0

Use of internet (over 30 days)

2.6

8.0

21.4

35.2

37.9

Use of mobile phone (over 30 days)

5.6

47.9

78.9

82.3

87.8

Visiting church   

14.4

14.0

13.5

16.8

27.6

25.1

16.2

Visiting the cinema

7.9

1.5

2.0

4.3

4.7

3.7

4.1

Visiting libraries                                               

7.2

5.9

5.8

5.1

3.7

2.6

2.7

Visiting clubs, disco-bars

4.2

5.4

4.5

4.1

2.7

Visiting sport events

3.8

4.0

1.7

3.1

2.4

2.5

1.6

Visiting  theatres, concerts, museums, exhibitions

3.4

3.9

3.7

2.9

3.6

2.6

2.3

Travelling

2.9

2.3

1.1

1.5

1.4

1.6

2.1

Visiting shops and markets

22.9

14.1

20.7

33.6

26.6

23.8

19.8

Visiting restaurants, cafes, bars

9.3

9.8

4.4

10.7

5.9

5.2

4.9

Source: Institute for Sociological Studies, 2014.


Chapter published: 05-06-2015

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