COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Book publishing in Ukraine declined in 2014 by almost 20%.

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Ukraine/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

More than 30 000 libraries under different competences and of different ownership operate in Ukraine. By the end of 2016, there were 17 003 libraries financed by governments of different levels. The Ministry of Culture directly manages and funds four national and two state libraries. Other libraries are under the financial responsibility of local authorities (regions or cities) but must follow the rules and minimum standards provided by the Ministry. The general number includes 3 479 libraries in towns and 13 524 in rural areas.

Table 18:  Number of libraries (under the competence of the Ministry of Culture) by the end of 2016

Libraries

Librarian stocks, thou copies

Total

 Urban area

Rural area

Total

Urban area

Rural area

17 003

3 479

13 524

255 439,4

143 502,2

111 937,2

Source:    Ministry of Culture of Ukraine.

Due to serious financial problems, libraries are not able to keep up their stocks and purchase new titles. Today, the average number of copies printed for a newly published book, according to the Book Chamber of Ukraine is 2.3 thou. Therefore, most newly issued books are not available in local, especially village libraries. In 2016, the Ministry of Culture received from the Government more than UAH 40 million (EUR 1.4 million), almost by 5 times more than in 2015, for purchasing books for libraries within the special budget programme. However, the procedure of selection and proposal of books for libraries gave rise to criticism from some publishers demanding a more transparent and open process, accessible to all stakeholders.

Table 19:  Types and official ownership of libraries in Ukraine, 2015

Type and ownership

Number

Public libraries

15 987

Educational libraries

18066 

Libraries of Academy of Sciences

96 

Libraries of Ministry of Agrarian Policy and National Academy of Agrarian Sciences

185

Medical libraries

700 

Libraries of the Ukrainian Association of Blind Persons

62

Source:    Verkhovna Rada Committee on Culture and Religions, 2016.

Table 20:  Number of libraries and their stocks, 2010-2016

 

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Libraries, in thousands

19.5

19.3

19.2

19.1

16,9

17,3

17,0

Number of copies

325.5

317.6

315.1

311.2

257,6

266,0

255,4

Source:    State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 2017.

Graph 4: Number of libraries and their stocks in Ukraine in 2010-2016

Source:    State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 2017.

Table 21: Library stocks by languages at the end of 2016 (in thousand)

Total

including

Share % of total

Ukrainian

Russian

Moldavian

Romanian

Hungarian

Polish

Crimean-Tartar

Bulgarian

English

Other

255 439,4

112 757,5

136 926,6

265,1

67,7

362,7

145,1

1,5

15,6

180,7

4 716,9

44,1

53,6

Source:    Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, 2017.

During the second decade, the number of public libraries reduced by 2 500. Such a trend is related to the financial and economic situation in the country, political process (decentralization) and the losses of administrative territories (Crimea, Donetsk and Luhansk regions).

At the same time, according to the analytical research realised by the company GFK Ukraine, one in four Ukrainians do not read books. 73% of the population don't include books in the sphere of their interests. Experts claim that this decline is due to the outdated library collections and that to be educated is not in fashion now. According to analytical data, only 15% of Ukrainians read books daily, and 19% do it, at least, one time per month.

Table 22:  Participation figures for cultural activities in Ukraine, 2000-2016

 

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Number of professional theatres

131

135

138

138

136

140

133

132

133

113

113

112

Number of spectators (million)

5.7

6.2

6.6

7.0

6.2

6.6

6.7

6.7

6.9

5,4

 

5,6

5,8

Number of concert organisations

61

78

79

77

77

83

82

88

85

73

73

76

Number of spectators (million)

3.8

4.4

4.2

4.0

3.8

4.2

4.1

4.6

4.6

2,4

2,5

2,6

Number of museums

378

437

458

478

499

546

570

592

608

543

564

576

Museum visitors (million)

16.0

18.9

21.1

21.9

20.8

21.7

21.8

22.4

22.3

14,2

15,1

15,8

Number of cinema units (in thousand)

6.9

3.3

3.0

2.4

2.2

2.2

2.2

1.7

1.6

1,3

1,1

 

Number of tickets sold (million)

6

10

18

11

11

9

15

16

14

11

11

 

Number of public libraries (in thousand)

20.7

19.8

20.8

20.6

20.1

19.5

19.3

19.2

19.1

16,9

17,3

17,0

Number of library collections (million copies)

343

330

345

352

338

326

318

315

311

258

266

255

Books (titles)

7 749

15 720

17 987

24 040

22 491

22 557

22 826

26 036

26 323

21796

19958

21330

Books (thousand copies)

44

54

56

58

49

45

47

62

70

55

36

49

Source:    State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2017.

Table 23: Number of film demonstrators and visits to cinemas in Ukraine  

 

Demonstrators, thou

Visits, mln

2000

6,9

6

2001

6,0

7

2002

5,3

9

2003

4,1

10

2004

3,6

10

2005

3,3

10

2006

3,2

12

2007

3,0

18

2008

2,4

11

2009

2,2

11

2010

2,2

9

2011

2,2

15

2012

1,7

16

2013

1,6

14

2014

1,3

11

2015

1,1

11

Source:    State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2016.

According to the Book Chamber of Ukraine, in 11 months of 2017, Ukrainian publishing companies printed 16 546 titles, with the number of copies at 31 331 400. While the number of titles has increased, the number of copies declined indicating that the average number of copies also declined as did the number of books per capita. 

Table 24:  General information on book-publishing in Ukraine, 2016 and 2017

Product

2016 (as by 28.11)

2017 (as by 28.11)

Number of titles

Number
of copies

Number of titles

% versus 28.11 2016

Number of copies

% versus 28.11 2016

Books and booklets

16136

35152,4

16546

102,5

31331,4

89,1

in Ukrainian

11115

23329,7

11710

105,4

22203,5

95,2

in Russian

3163

9777,9

3011

95,2

7277,1

74,4

Source:    Book Chamber of Ukraine, 2017.

Table 25:  Average number of copies and number of books per capita, 2006-2016

Year

Average number of copies
(in thousand)

Average number of books per capita

2006

3.4

1.16

2007

3.1

1.21

2008

2.4

1.26

2009

2.2

1.05

2010

2.0

0.74

2011

1.9

0.70

2012

2.0

0.74

2013

1.8

0.68

2014

2.6

1.29

2015

1.7

0.85

2016

2.3

1.14

Source:    Book Chamber of Ukraine, 2017.


Chapter published: 09-02-2018

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