7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions
A cultural institution that has been granted a "national" status is entitled to receive direct financial support from the central government and special standards of material provision. From 1992-1994 the decision to grant this status was the prerogative of the Presidential Administration, through the Cabinet of Ministers. A presidential edict of 1994 reserved the right to grant this status to the President only.
The most important national cultural institutions are:
In addition to the national institutions, the following major cultural institutions are directly under the authority of the Ministry of Culture:
There are a number of partnership initiatives or programmes between the state, regional or local governments and different councils or international foundations, such as the Soros Foundation, the European Cultural Foundation, the British Council in Ukraine, French Cultural Centre, Polish Institute, Goethe Institute, Swedish institute, etc. These initiatives encourage the participation of non-government organisations - sometimes even of the private sector - or cultural societies to support projects at the central or local level. The most popular example is the annual international film festival "Molodist", supported by a wide range of partners.
In November 2007, the Ministry of Culture signed an agreement with the non-governmental Development Centre "Democracy through Culture" on co-operation in international initiatives and training projects.
The Art Association "Dzyga" is a conglomeration of artists, public figures, and businessmen, assembled by different kinds of cultural, creative projects and actors, namely clubs, festivals, media-projects, etc. It was founded in 1993 and united the representatives of "The Students' Brotherhood" (a pro-independence Ukrainian students' movement, 1989-1993), vanguard art circles ("Shlyakh", 1989-1992) and L'viv Underground Musicians ("Club Shanuval'nykiv Chaju", "Mertvyj Piven'", Festival of Underground "Vy-Vyh").
The civic initiative group "Protect Old Kyiv" was created in 2007 as a reaction to the intentions of authorities to destroy old city architecture in commercial interests.
Gostiny Dvir Republic was established in Kyiv, in May 2012, as a civil society initiative to save the historical heritage (see also chapter 4.3).