COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Ukraine/ 7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure  

7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies

The Law on Culture (2011) defines the actors in the cultural field as follows: "physical or legal entities practising cultural activity or realising authorities in the sphere of culture".

During the last years, several laws, government decrees and presidential edicts were adopted. Of special importance were the changes made to the Law on Privatisation of the Public Domain (1992), the Law on Local Self-Governance (1997), the Law on Professional Artists and Artists' Unions (1997), the Law on Charity and Charitable Foundations (1997), the Law on the Taxation of Enterprises (1997), the Law on Local State Administrations (1999), the Budget Code of Ukraine, the Tax Code of Ukraine (2010) and also the Presidential Edicts on the Fund to Support Art Development (1994), the National Establishments of Culture (1994), and Providing Charitable Activities in Ukraine. The main goal of these legal amendments was to de-centralise public responsibilities for culture and to delegate basic tasks and responsibilities to the local government level, transferring some services to private or non-government organisations.

The newly emerging private and non-government sector of culture (including art galleries, design centres, events, publishing houses, and media) has no influence on the public cultural policy and acted, until recently, more or less independently of government cultural policies. The consolidation of non-government and private organisations and associations at the local and central level, and the growing state acknowledgement of the important role these organisations can play in the restructuring of the cultural system gives rise to the hope that there may be an efficient re-allocation of responsibilities.

New initiatives related to the creation of cultural centres in industrial zones or networks of cultural public and non-governmental organisations (see also chapter 3.4.2) can provide support mainly at the local level and encourage cultural entrepreneurship. Such sites are becoming more and more attractive for cultural festivals, congresses, meetings.

According to data of the National Institute for Strategic Studies, the number of civil society organisations (CSO) has increased during the last 5 years. This trend has positive potential since many local governments started to involve CSOs in decision and policy making practice: for example, in cities such as Lviv, Lutsk, and Vinnytsia city administrations envisage grants to CSOs to realise cultural policy objectives.

Table 14:   Increase in number of CSOs in Ukraine during 2008–2012

Citizens associations

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

NGOs

54 862

59 321

63 899

67 696

71 767

Trade and professional unions

20 405

22 678

24 649

26 340

27 834

Charitable foundations

10 988

11 660

12 267

12 860

13 475

Source:     National Institute for Strategic Studies, 2012.


Chapter published: 05-06-2015

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