6.3 Trends and indicators for private cultural financing
In general, studies of private funding for culture do not exist in Ukraine. It is possible only to present some information about household spending for culture (see chapter 6.1) and information about spending for culture by large charitable foundations on the basis of their annual reports. It is necessary to note that commercial sponsors (large and small companies) supported a great variety of different events on all levels – festivals, exhibitions, concerts, contests, etc. covering from 20% to 60% of all expenses (for example, the film festival "Molodist", GOGOLFEST and others include different logos of sponsors in their information material) – but general analytical data does not exist. Sponsorship has become more concentrated and open.
There are different examples of individual donors / patrons. Maecenas and businessman, Viktor Pinchuk, entered into the list of the most influential personalities in modern art – in the ratings of the British magazine Art Review, the founder of the PinchukArtCentre jumped from 53rd to 37th place in 2011, and 32nd in 2012.
Moscow businessman and Maecenas originated from Ukraine (Pryluky), Yuriy Koptiev, is reconstructing and developing his native city of Pryluky: during the last three years, he has reconstructed squares and buildings and new monuments appeared in the city. He was nominated to a Man of 2012 Year award, one of the most prestigious awards in Ukraine distributed in different areas.
Information about expenditure for culture from lotteries or gambling is not available. Some museums, especially in the capital and large cities (like St. Sophia Cathedral - http://www.nzsk.org.ua, M.Bulgakov memorial museum -http://bulgakov-kiev.tripod.com/, Khanenko Museum of Arts - http://www.khanenkomuseum.kiev.ua/en) have successful experience in developing friends of museum practice (partners, patrons, benefactors). The same is also true for local level, for example, a local museum in Pryluky (Chernihiv region) was restored with the help of a private sponsor, Yuriy Koptiev (see above).
The decrease in household spending for culture to an average of 1.7% (2.1% in urban areas and 0.7% in rural areas) in 2011, in comparison with 2.5% in 2008 and 2.4% in 2007, is explained by the rise in prices: according to the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 90% of all household expenditure constitutes consumer expenses (food, communal services, transport, health, etc.) (see also chapter 6.1).
According to annual reports, Pinchul Foundation and Rinat Akhmetov Foundation for Development of Ukraine allocated about UAH 78 million for culture in 2011 (approximately 7.5 million EUR). Sources: http://www.pinchukfund.org and http://www.fdu.org.ua/en.