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Ukraine/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.7 Mass media

The Law on Television and Radio Broadcasting (1993, with amendments 2002-2014) regulates the activities of private TV and Radio companies in Ukraine. The National Council on Television (NCT) is a non-ministerial body for all broadcasters irrespective of their ownership status. It consists of 8 members, four of which are appointed by Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and four – by the President.

On 13 January 2011, the Law on Access to Public Information was adopted in the Parliament by 408 votes. The approval of the Law on Information is the first initiative taken to support journalists during the last 7 years. This law, with amendments in 2012 and 2013, provides access to public information in various ways: by systematic disclosure of information in official printed media, on official websites, at information stands, and in other ways; providing information by demand.

The government resolution Provision on the National Screen Time and its Use by Entities of Cinematography and Television, based upon the Law on Cinematography (Article 22), determines the quota for "the demonstration of national films, which is no less than 30% of the national screen time". These quotas are (theoretically) obligatory for all cinemas and video networks as well as for TV channels. In reality, however, there are not enough domestic productions to fill the air time available. In

In 2013, Verkhovna Rada adopted the Amendments to the Law on Television and Radio Broadcasting. In particular, this law (Article 9) envisages that "The national audio-visual product and / or music pieces by Ukrainian authors or performers should total no less than 50% of overall broadcasting of television and radio companies". In February 2015, Verkhovna Rada approved the Law on Banning the Demonstration of Serials produced in Russia after 2014, or those which propagandise the Russian army or correspondent enforcement services produced after 1991, because of Russian aggression against Ukraine.

Chapter published: 05-06-2015

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