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Ukraine/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.3 Cultural heritage

In general, more than 100 normative acts (laws, presidential decrees, governmental resolutions, and ministerial orders) form the legislative sphere of cultural heritage. At the same time, considering the development of the legislative base in other areas, it's necessary to adjust some of the provisions of the laws on protection of cultural heritage.

In 2015, the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine has worked out the new wording of the Law of Ukraine on Preservation of Cultural Heritage and submitted it for public discussion. The new bill united two existing laws, the Law on Preservation of Cultural Heritage and the Law on Preservation of Archeological Heritage (see also chapter 5.2).

The main executive body providing development and realisation of the state policy for cultural heritage, removal, importation and restitution of cultural objects is the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine including the Department of Cultural Heritage and Cultural Values. The Law on Museums and Museum Activities (1995) which determined the policy concerning state-owned collections of cultural-valued objects was amended in 1999. In November 2009, the Parliament adopted the Law of Ukraine on Amendments to the Law of Ukraine on Museums and Museum Activities. The new Law introduces European terms; widens the area of museum activities, for example, allowing paid services; and defines public and private parts of the Museum Fund of Ukraine.

In 2000, Provisions on the Museum Fund of Ukraine was approved as well as the List of Museums Run by Enterprises, Establishments, and Organisations.

The Law on Removal, Import and Restitution of Cultural Values was adopted in 1999 in compliance with international conventions. On the basis of this law, the State Control Agency on the Removal of Cultural Values was established at the Ministry of Culture.

The Law of Ukraine on Ratification of the Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society, 2013.

Chapter published: 05-06-2015

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