COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Ukraine/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

According to the data of the State Committee for television and radio broadcasting, there were 3 221 printed periodicals registered in Ukraine in 2017 (submitting one obligatory copy to the State Committee).

Table 5:    Printed media in Ukraine in terms of founders/owners, 2016

Founders/owners

Total

Including

Newspapers

Periodic editions

Number of editions

Number of copies, thou

Number of editions

Number of copies, thou.

Number of editions

Number of copies, thou

Total:

2 131

622 792,0

416

582 275,0

1 715

40 517,0

Local self-governments

34

33 680,4

27

33 670,3

7

10,1

State authorities

96

27 389,7

23

25 905,4

73

1 484,3

Public organizations, enterprises

66

3 826,8

3

3 623,6

63

203,2

Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Research institutes 

262

166,9

262

166,9

Educational establishments

777

889,8

1

17,0

776

872,8

Editorial boards of printed media

71

84 423,5

42

83 128,3

29

1 295,2

Civil society organizations, professional associations, foundations

108

11 365,6

45

11 134,5

63

231,1

Political parties

12

1 717,7

12

1 717,7

Trade unions

9

881,1

9

881,1

Religious organizations

17

820,4

2

404,0

15

416,4

Companies, trade enterprises

523

412 517,2

190

381 720,9

333

30 796,3

Private entrepreneurs 

156

45 112,9

62

40 072,2

94

5 040,7

Source:    State Committee for television and radio broadcasting of Ukraine, 2017.

There are 120 information agencies in Ukraine, 5 of which are state-owned. The key state-owned information agency Ukrinform, located in Kyiv, issues daily 500 prompt reports in English, German, Russian and Ukrainian, around 200 photos and an audio digest. Ukrinform delivers information to the media, TV channels, radio stations, official establishments and local governments, foreign embassies and Ukrainian diplomatic missions abroad, and the foreign media. The server "UKRINFORM-NEWS" offers on-line free access to the sites: "Nations of the World", "Business Ukraine", "Integral Ukraine", "Ukrinform Audio / Video", "BSANNA" and "Press Center".

Table 6:    Dynamics of satellite TV development in Ukraine, 2016

Year

Ukraine

EU

Other

Russian Federation

Total

2014

101

122

3

72

298

2016

122

143

7

6

278

Source:    National Council for Television and Radio Broadcasting, 2017.

There are no special legislative mechanisms or governmental programmes to promote cultural issues through media or encourage the production of cultural programmes, or any specific training programmes for journalists working in the cultural sphere.

In 2016, 49.3% of the population aged 17-64 in Ukraine had access to and used the Internet. The number of Internet users in Ukraine, according to the State Statistics Service (SSSU), is continuously increasing. In September 2009 there were 7.2 million users compared with 3.2 million in 2006. In 2010 their number had reached 11.3 million, and in 2016 13.6 million. Men constitute 51% of users and women 49%. 36% are users aged between 14-29 years and 29% are aged between 25-39 years; this indicates that the main Internet audience in Ukraine is young.

The development of information technologies, and in particular the Internet, is significantly transforming the way people access, create, produce and disseminate cultural content and ideas, influencing people’s opportunities to access and participate in cultural life. One of the priorities of national cultural and information policies is to introduce the Internet and NITC use in the regions, especially, in rural areas through educational and cultural institutions – schools, libraries and museums.


Chapter published: 09-02-2018

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