COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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A research programme on culture industries in Ukraine started in 2014. It is to provide a basis for a future State Programme for Cultural Industries Development.

 

The 2014 and 2015 Budget allocations for cinematography are 50% less compared to 2013.

 

A draft law on changes to various legislation that  support financing cinematography provides for the introduction of fees and taxes to support national cinematography development.

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Ukraine/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

There is no clear definition of the cultural industries in Ukraine. The first mention of "cultural industries" appeared in the Law of Ukraine on the Conceptual Framework of the Public Cultural Policy of Ukraine (2005). The Law on Culture, which had been under discussion for 7 years and was adopted by the Parliament in December 2010 (signed by the President in January, 2011), has no mention of "cultural industries". The Law offers the following formulation: "cultural wealth is goods and services produced in the course of activities in the sphere of culture to satisfy cultural needs of citizens (books, audio and visual products (music recordings), works of art and documents on new information-carrying media, crafts, theatre and circus performances, concerts, cultural and educational services, etc.)".

Government support measures are addressed mainly to film production, book publishing and crafts. There are no specific training and education programmes for culture industry professionals. The Ukrainian Centre for Cultural Studies (at the Ministry of Culture) started in 2014 a research programme on culture industries in Ukraine which, as it planned, should lead to the Conceptual Framework of Cultural Industries Development as a basis for the future State Programme for Cultural Industries Development.   

Since 2011, the conditions for cinematography development in Ukraine have improved significantly, first of all, in terms of financial support: the state support (government expenses) was increased along with favourable tax benefits introduced by the new Tax Code of Ukraine for the National Film Industry – from production to demonstration. However, the 2015 State Budget envisages a significant decrease in cinematography financing compared to 2013 UAH 146.3 million up to 74.2 (planned), which corresponds to the 2014 level of financing (UAH 74.1 million) when revolutionary and armed conflict events happened.

Table 1:     State Budget expenses for film production and distribution, in million UAH, 2006-2015

 

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Budget expenses

20.4

57.7

48.5

4.3

30.0

110.7

145.9

146.3

74.1

74.2

Source:     State Treasury of Ukraine, 2012, Ministry of Culture of Ukraine, 2013, Parliament Committee on Culture, 2015.

In 2013, 327 films were shown in Ukraine, 95% of which were of foreign production; at the same time, 7 new Ukrainian films (record number for all years of independence) were shown (4 of them produced with state support). 20 features films were finished in Ukraine in 2013, 14 full-length and 6 short films.

The Ukrainian film market participants - representatives of distribution companies and cinemas, with the participation of the Head of the Ukrainian State Film Agency, held a meeting where they discussed the issues of development relating to Ukrainian cinematography and film distribution. The Head of the Ukrainian State Film Agency, Philip Illienko, presented the draft Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on the Improvement of Financial Support of the National Cinematography, which was developed by the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine and the Ukrainian State Film Agency.

The representatives of distribution companies and cinemas supported this draft law, which provides for the introduction of fees for national cinematography development. The head of the Parliamentary Committee on Culture, M. Kniazhytsky said that it is proposed to also introduce a tax on providers, distributors and TV companies for showing foreign films, and direct these funds to the development of national cinematography.

Meanwhile, after Russian aggression against Ukraine, Russian films produced after 1 January 2014, and Russian films after 1991 with military content, are banned in Ukraine. 

In 2008, the Cabinet of Ministers made a proposal to local authorities that they increase the number of bookshops on their territories. The government defined the following minimum standards: one bookshop for 20 000 inhabitants in large cities, one bookshop or book department for 5-10 000 inhabitants in towns, and one bookshop for 5 000 inhabitants in villages and settlements. In comparison: currently there is one bookshop in Ukraine per 96 000 inhabitants, while in Russia there is one bookshop per 75 000, and in France one bookshop per 20 000 inhabitants. According to the data of the Book Chamber of Ukraine, in 2013, Ukrainian publishers produced 0.87 books per capita compared to 1.2 books in 2007. Books (number of titles) in the Russian language increased by 2.3% in 2013 compared with 2012, and the number of copies increased by 4.2%; as for Ukrainian language books, their number of titles decreased by 0.2% in 2013 compared with 2012, and the number of copies increased by 20%. According to the data of the Book Chamber of Ukraine, book production in the first half of 2014 year, compared to the same period in 2013, constituted 84.4%.

On 13 February 2015, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted in the first reading the draft Law on Support of Book Publishing through tax exemptions introducing amendments into Tax Code of Ukraine.


Chapter published: 05-06-2015

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