COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Ukraine/ 3.4 International cultural co-operation  

3.4.6 Other relevant issues

Nowadays, the average number of people of Ukrainian descent that live abroad is between 12 and 20 million. According to State Statistics, the population of Ukraine in November 2017 was 42.3 million persons.

On average, the rate of job seekers migrating from Ukraine has increased during the last 2 years by 30%. The preferred destinations are Poland, Germany, Italy, Czech Republic and Scandinavian countries. At the same time, the number of those who would like to work in the Russian Federation has decreased by 6% in 2016 compared with 2011. According to different data, moe than 8 mln Ukrainians are working abroad (the informal number is higher – about 12 mln and possibly larger). More than 1.5 mln are so called internal replaced persons in Ukraine because of the annex of Crimea and armed conflict in the eastern part (Donetsk and Luhansk regions). They live and seek jobs in other Ukrainian towns and cities. All such factors could create complications for future cultural development which should be considered in current cultural development strategies, especially, on the local level.

Of interest in this sense is the project "Theatre of Displaced People", an initiative of German film/theatre director Georg Genoux, Ukrainian playwrights Nataliya Vorozhbyt and Maxym Kurochkin, together with military psychologist Oleksiy Karachynsky, started in 2015. The fundamental focus of this team has become the war in the East of Ukraine and the fate of people who have fallen under the wheels of history. The activity of the Theatre of Displaced People has gone far outside the frame of theatrical form. It has also become a centre of psychological adaptation for people from the East and Crimea as well as the envoy of peace in areas close to the conflict zone. The team has done much more in the matter of establishing dialogue and exhibiting loyalty to displaced people from Donbass than all the state programmes put together. There are no professional actors in this theatre but real displaced people with their histories and experience.


Chapter published: 09-02-2018

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