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Since 2014, there is a special Presidential Adviser on cultural issues as an independent office in the State Secretariat.

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Ukraine/ 3. Competence, decision-making and administration  

3.2 Overall description of the system

On the basis of the Presidential Edict of April 2, 2010, N 469/2010, the Public Humanitarian Council (PHC) was created at the President's Administration as an advisory body, consisting of different working groups, including one for culture and arts issues. The PHC submits proposals concerning national cultural policy to the Presidential Secretariat, Cabinet of Ministers and Parliament, representing the interests of all cultural groups and minorities.

Cultural institutions and their responsibilities are regulated by the Constitution and by special laws.

According to the Constitution (Article 85), the responsibilities of the Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) are to:

  • approve laws (including laws on culture);
  • adopt the state budget;
  • develop guidelines on national and foreign policies;
  • approve national programmes of social and cultural development; and
  • approve lists of units not subject to privatisation.

The Permanent Committee on Culture and Spiritual Heritage of the Verkhovna Rada is the main body responsible for the design and development of cultural laws.

Three bodies hold executive power over cultural matters:

  • the Chief Directorate for Humanitarian and Social Important Issues of the Presidential Secretariat. From January 2013, according to Presidential Edict #23, this department was restructured into the Chief Directorate for Humanitarian Development; since 2014 there is a special Presidential Adviser on cultural issues as an independent office in the Secretariat;
  • the Department for Humanitarian Policy of the Cabinet of Ministers; and
  • the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine.

The Ministry of Culture is mainly a financial administrative unit, which allocates funds to more than 130 state cultural institutions of national importance (theatres, museums, libraries, film studios, higher schools, etc.) and to a number of nation-wide festivals and events.

On the basis of the Presidential Edict of 9 December 2010, Nr 1085, on Optimisation of Public Agencies, the Ministry changed its structure, commitments and functions and the staff was reduced. The staff was reduced even more in 2014 to about 180. The State Film Service is transformed into the State Film Agency and away from the ministerial structure but is subordinated directly to the Minister of Culture. The Ministry has an advisory and controlling public body called the Collegium, which consists of heads of ministry departments, parliamentarians and representatives of (mostly state-owned) cultural institutions and associations.

On the basis of the Government Resolution (#996 of November 3, 2010) on securing public participation in state policy formulation and implementation, the Public Council at the Ministry of Culture was established in 2011. It ceased its activity in 2013. By the end of 2014 – beginning of 2015, several expert councils in respective areas established or renewed their activities, for instance, the theatre council, the museum council, art education council, library council.

The system of public administration for culture has been reduced after the annexing of Crimea and occupation of the part of Donesk and Luhansk oblasts. However, it is still made up of 24 oblasts (regions) and one city (Kyiv). The basic units of administration are rayons (counties) which are under the supervision of the oblast or city cultural administrations.

Chapter published: 05-06-2015

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