COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Monitoring Changes in Direct State Cultural Expenditure by Sector

For more information see individual country profiles:

Chapter 6.2.3 "State Cultural Expenditure by Sector" 

Countries

Years

Libraries/
Literature

Museums/
Archives

Performing Arts (music + theatre)

Radio/TV

Visual Arts

Film/Video

Armenia

2005

10.3%

18.9%

28.7%

-

-

7.6%

2006

8.6%

21.4%

34.1%

-

-

5.5%

2007

8.9%

13.1%

32.4%

-

-

6.3%

2008

10.6%

14.7%

44.6%*

1.2%

-

9.6%

2009

11.3%

15.4%

47.3%*

1.0%

-

8.6%

2010

11.2%

15.6%

48.4%*

1.2%

-

8.7%

2011

10.3% 14.5% 52.2%* 1.1% - 7.9%

Austria

1997

8.9%

10.4%

34.5%

1.6%

0.5%

1.8%

2000

4.2%

16.8%

26.5%

1.4%

1.1%

1.9%

2002

4.4%

14.5%

21.6%

0.1%

1.5%

1.7%

2003

4.2%

15.3%

25.8%

0.1%

1.5%

1.6%

2004

4.0%

15.0%

25.3%

0.1%

1.5%

1.5%

2005

3.74%

14.61%

26.3%

0.04%

1.51%

1.73%

2006

3.40%

13.87%

27.44%

0.03%

1.36%

1.23%

2007

3.4%

13.3%

23.2%

0.1%

1.5%

1.7%

2008

3.4%

13.6%

22.6%

0.01%

1.4%

1.5%

2009

3.4% 13.6% 22.6% 0.01% 1.4% 1.5%

2010

3.5%

14.1%

22.3%

0.01%

1.4%

1.5%

2011

3.8%

14.8%

22.4%

0.01%

1.4%

1.5%

Azerbaijan

2005

2.7%

3.2%

20.8%

-

1.0%

7.5%

2008

7.28%

5.81%

23.23%

-

-

14.28%

2009

5.63%

5.71%

23.26%

-

-

10.71%

2010

7.72%

8.28%

26.31%

-

-

11.19%

2012

2.47%

8.42%

29.04%

-

-

11.86%

Belgium Flemish Community

2005

-

2.2%

7.6%

30.8%

0.5%

2.4%

2010

1.19%

3.13%

14.17%

0.18%

0.59%

0.07%

Belgium French Community

2005

2.9%

2.2%

17.7%

47.4%

1.2%

3.0%

Bulgaria

1997

4.2%

7.1%

48%

-

-

1.8%

1999

2.8%

5.5%

44.3%

-

-

3.1%

2001

3.1%

6.2%

51.7%

-

-

3.7%

2003

0.9%

3.8%

14.1%

44.2%

-

2.2%

2004

1.0%

4.5%

15.9%

44.4%

-

2.3%

2005

1.0%

3.5%

27.7%

34.3%

-

2.2%

2006

0.8%

3.5%

14.6%

35.2%

-

2.2%

2007

0.9%

3.95%

14.6%

28.26%

-

2.1%

2008

1.22%

3.45%

14.09%

31.89%

 

2.45%

2009

1.11%

2.46%

19.24%

-

-

4.15%

Canada*

1999/00

6.4%

22.2%

4.5%

51.4%

0.6%

10.4%

2000/01

6.8%

23.9%

4.5%

50.1%

0.6%

10.3%

2001/02

7%

23%

5.1%

49.3%

0.7%

10.2%

2003/04

30.9%

20.1%

5.1%

23.3%

0.9%

6.1%

Croatia

1994

5.6%

32.3%

15.1%

-

-

6.8%

1996

10.6%

36.9%

18.3%

-

-

8.9%

1998

11.6%

24.7%

15.0%

-

-

8.8%

2001

12%

18%

13%

-

-

6%

2003

10.3%

6.3%

10.1%

-

-

10.5%

2006

3.0%

13.7%

9.0%

1.7%

-

4.0%

2008

6.1%

14.4%

10.8%

3.6%

-

3.6%

2009

5.83%

16.4%

12.42%

3.6%

-

3.5%

2010

5.47%

21.15%

13.31%

3.6%

0.54%

3.5%

2012

6.45%

20.42%

4.06%

2.2%

-

2.1%

Czech Republic

2008 11.06% 20.80% 10.65% 0.74% -

1.50%

2009 11.76% 22.30% 10.82% 0.72% - 0.40%
2010 14.60% 21.22% 10.17% 0.58% - 2.45%

Denmark

2005

22.7%

10.9%

15.9%

24.3%

1.0%

2.7%

2006

23.6%

10.3%

16.7%

24.6%

0.9%

3.3%

2009

19.80%

10.09%

16.41%

22.45%

3.33%

2.52%

2011

22.63%

10.44%

17.24%

24.68%

2.90%

2.62%

Estonia

1996

15%

8%

21%

23%

0.3%

3%

1998

14%

7%

20%

21%

0.3%

2%

2000

14%

8%

22%

18%

0.4%

3%

2002

9%

9%

26%

19%

0.3%

3%

2003

8.7%

9.8%

29.7%

21.4%

0.2%

3.3%

2004

8.6%

9.4%

26.0%

18.3%

0.3%

2.8%

2005

7.2%

8.8%

25.0%

17.0%

0.4%

3.0%

2006

6.6%

10.7%

23.3%

17.0%

0.3%

2.6%

2007

6.0%

10.3%

26.8%

19.3%

0.4%

0.3%

2008

6.8% 13.1% 25.7% 18.0% - 3.4%

2009

5.9% 18.9% 26.0% 18.4% - 2.9%

2010

10.0%

13.8%

19.4%

8.8%

-

1.5%

2011

10.3%

14.9%

15.2%

8.9%

-

1.6%

Finland*

1997

38.5%

14.3%

25.8%

-

2.1%

2.1%

2001

30.5%

16.9%

30.0%

-

2.1%

2.0%

2005

31.0%

18.4%

28.2%

-

2.1%

1.8%

2006

29.3%

15.4%

27.1%

-

-

5.5%

2007

32.5%

14.6%

26.1%

-

-

5.1%

2008

30.8% 15.7% 27.1% - - 5.4%

2009

29.0% 15.8% 27.4% - - 5.7%

2010

3.7% 19.0% 35.3% - - 2.3%

France

1993

20%

19%

22%

-

-

3%

2000

9%

15%

21%

-

3%

3%

2007

8.3%

17.3%

22.9%

-

2.8%

0.9%

2013

6.5%

10.3%

18.0%

11.0%

1.6%

-

Georgia

2005

0.2%

5.4%

27.9%

0.3%

0.2%

2.7%

2007

0.1%

10.1%

21.7%

-

-

1.9%

2008

6.7% 18.6% 23.5% 31.4% - -

2009

7.1% 14.8% 23.1% 34.1% - -

2010

6.1%

19.9%

24.3%

23.1%

-

-

2011

5.0%

10.9%

21.9%

41.0%

-

-

Germany

1995

10.6%

15.7%

44.6%

-

-

-

2000

10.9%

16.2%

44.4%

-

-

-

2003

15.7%

16.1%

37.9%

-

-

-

2005

13.8%

19.2%

36.7%

-

-

-

2006

14.9%

18.7%

36.5%

-

-

-

2007

14.6%

18.6%

36.3%

-

-

-

2008

15.2%

17.8%

34.9%

-

-

-

2009

15.1%

18.0%

35.4%

-

-

-

Greece

2001

2.0%

-

17.8%

-

1.7%

3.6%

2006

4.7%

59.1%

14.3%

-

2.4%

2.7%

Holy See

2005

-

23.5%

-

29.9%

-

-

Hungary

2005

15.6%

19.9%

22.3%

0.3%

1.9%

0.7%

2006

15.5%

19.8%

22.2%

0.3%

1.9%

0.9%

2007

17.9%

20.5%

20.0%

0.2%

0.9%

1.1%

2008

23.1%

24.8%

28.6%

-

-

-

2009

20.5%

23.5%

26.8%

-

-

-

Ireland

2001

26.4%

-

7.0%

-

1.5%

5.0%

2004

5.5%

-

13%

-

3%

2.4%

2005

5.2%

-

-

-

-

6.0%

2006

4.5%

-

-

-

-

7.1%

2007

5.3%

-

-

-

-

6.6%

2011

6.1%

23.4%

10.4%

0.1%

-

7.2%

Italy

2000

5.2%

5.6%

13.2%

2.8%

0.1%

2.8%

Latvia

2004

11.0%

13.0%

18.7%

19.0%

1.6%

3.4%

2005

7.5%

14.8%

16.5%

14.3%

1.0%

3.5%

2007

19.9%

14.3%

12.9%

9.6%

0.5%

12.2%

Liechtenstein

1999

10%

29%

34%

-

-

-

2007

5.2%

7.6%

28.4%

-

13.4%

-

2011

5.7%

11.8%

28.8%

-

13.5%

-

Lithuania

2001

23%

12%

17%

-

-

-

2002

25.6%

14.8%

16.9%

-

-

0.9%

2003

27.1%

12.7%

16.5%

-

0.3%

1.1%

2005

16.0%

14.1%

35.0%

-

0.4%

1.6%

FYR of Macedonia

2005

1.6%

3.7%

12.3%

-

1.4%

5.9%

2008

7.6%

13.9%

39.9%

-

0.7%

5.9%

2009

7.8%

14.9%

43.4%

-

0.6%

4.8%

2012

3.5% 20.0% 44.5% - 0.4% 7.6%

Malta

2004

1.4%

37.1%

20.7%

2.8%

-

-

2005

7.8%

41.9%

15.9%

23.8%

0.3%

1.0%

2006

7.7%

39.9%

17.9%

19.2%

0.4%

5.7%

2007

10.3%

28.8%

20.2%

21.9%

1.0%

7.3%

2008

7.2%

30.3% 27.7%

18.1%

0.3%

8.1%

2009

5.8%

27.2% 17.6%

11.9%

0.3%

30.4%

2010

5.8% 32.5% 21.4% 17.4% 1.3% 10.1%

2011

5.6%

36.3%

20.0%

15.4%

1.5%

9.4%

Moldova

2000

9.8%

12.9%

-

-

-

-

2001

6.1%

9.5%

16.3%

-

-

-

2002

5.9%

7.2%

14.1%

-

-

-

2003

5.1%

7.0%

18.2%

-

-

1.1%

2005

7.4%

6.8%

29.6%

-

-

1.2%

2006

5.1%

7.6%

31.2%

 

 

2.9%

2007

4.7%

7.6%

46.4%

-

-

4.1%

2008

6.6%

15.2%

36.6%

-

-

3.8%

2009

6.1%

8.9%

39.0%

-

-

3.0%

2010

6.4%

8.3%

38.6%

-

-

-

Netherlands

2003

13.3%

12.1%

15.9%

25.4%

3.4%

0.6%

2004

15.1%

14.2%

17.1%

23.7%

3.6%

3.0%

2005

14.9%

-

-

22.5%

-

3.4%

2006

15.4%

14.6%

15.9%

19.5%

6.0%

3.6%

Norway

1994

8.3%

12.9%

31.0%

-

5.9%

19.5%

1996

8.7%

14.1%

33.4%

-

6.3%

18.4%

2004

7.4%

14.3%

28.1%

-

5.8%

16.1%

2005

7.9%

13.7%

26.1%

-

5.5%

14.7%

2006

8.9%

15.2%

26.6%

-

5.0%

15.3%

2008

11.1%

17.3%

33.5%

-

5.9%

15.2%

2009

10.2%

16.3%

30.7%

-

5.1%

13.3%

Poland

2000

9.2%

26.5%

20.2%

-

-

-

2001

10.0%

27.4%

25.4%

-

-

-

2002

11.0%

28.4%

35.5%

-

-

-

2003

10.6%

30.4%

27.3%

-

-

-

2004

11.1%

33.6%

24.4%

-

-

-

2005

13.5%

34.3%

26.1%

-

0.84%

-

2006

12.1%

30.4%

17.0%**

1.41%

0.77%

3.2%***

2007****

10.1%

31.3%

14.02%

1.64%

9.67%

1.42%

2008

9.11%

31.6%

13.13%

1.46%

0.59%

1.44%

2009

6.66% 28.2% 12.31% 1.41% 0.54% 1.04%

Romania

2005

-

11.5%

21.3%

-

-

1.9%

2010

1.44%

14.42%

26.3%

-

0.7%

-

Russia

2003

10.5%

4.7%

9.9%

19.0%

-

1.3%

2010

6.6%

11.2%

10.0%

34.2%

-

5.2%

San Marino

2008

0.09%

0.40%

0.35%

0.08%

0.05%

0.27%

Serbia

2000

17.0%

14.1%

24.9%

14.2%

-

0.5%

2001

11.2%

10.4%

18.3%

57.4%

-

0.2%

2002

11.7%

10.0%

20.1%

54.8%

-

0.3%

2003

12.5%

12.0%

23.0%

47.6%

-

0.3%

2004

12.7%

14.0%

27.0%

41.9%

-

0.3%

2006

13.7%

14.7%

33.0%

33.4%

-

0.4%

2008

-

-

10.5%

-

5.5%

-

Slovakia

2005

11.9%

15.2%

25.5%

-

1.9%

5.6%

2006

9.3%

15.0%

23.2%

-

1.6%

5.8%

2007

9.5%

14.9%

27.0%

-

2.0%

6.7%

2008

7.4%

15.6%

28.4%

1.1%

1.5%

4.6%

Slovenia

1994

-

-

34.8%

-

5.4%

4%

1996

-

-

35.1%

-

4.2%

3%

2003

6.6%

18.2%

33.5%

0.2%

4.8%

3.5%

2005

6.6%

15.6%

31.3%

3.6%

4.5%

3.5%

2006

7.2%

15.8%

31.8%

3.3%

4.7%

3.9%

2007

6.4%

18.5%

28.3%

3.1%

4.9%

3.6%

Spain

2001

8.3%

26.3%

17.7%

-

0.5%

6.7%

2002

6.9%

26.6%

19.1%

-

0.5%

7.9%

2003

5.8%

33.7%

15.3%

-

0.4%

9.0%

2004

6.9%

30.6%

15.7%

-

0.4%

5.9%

2005

6.7%

28.5%

14.8%

-

0.4%

9.6%

2006

7.1%

29.0%

14.7%

-

0.5%

8.7%

2007

8.1%

27.9%

14.3%

-

0.5%

7.6%

2008

7.8%

26.7%

15.4%

-

0.5%

8.0%

2009

7.8%

26.0%

14.1%

-

0.5%

9.5%

2010

7.8%

23.5%

15.0%

-

0.4%

11.4%

Sweden

1993/4

6.6%

13.6%

23.2%

2.1%

1.3%

2.3%

1998

3%

17%

19%

-

1%

2%

2000

3%

18%

19%

-

1%

3%

2005

3%

19%

19%

-

1%

3%

2009

2.8%

         

2011

3%

15.6%

11.8%

-

4.0%

2.9%

Switzerland

1990

12.6%

14.7%

32.4%

-

-

-

1995

12.9%

16.7%

29.6%

-

-

-

1998

11.9%

16.4%

25.4%

-

-

-

2000

10.0%

14.1%

23.2%

-

-

-

2001

9.1%

12.9%

21.8%

-

-

-

2002

9.7%

13.9%

22.1%

-

-

-

2006

9.0%

15.0%

21.0%

-

-

5.0%

Ukraine

2001

12.4%

6.9%

17.9%

16.2%

-

2.2%

2003

13.4%

6.3%

15.5%

12.6%

-

1.9%

2004

13.7%

6.9%

17.2%

16.3%

-

1.2%

Source:     Council of Europe/ERICarts, Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe, 14th edition, 2013.
Note:         No monitoring data available for Albania, Holy See, Monaco, Portugal and the United Kingdom.
*                Armenia: Expenditures for the whole arts sector.
*                Canada: Statistics Canada reviewing cultural expenditures data.
*                Finland: data from 2006 to 2010 concern only the expenditure on the central level
                 (no data available from the municipal level).
**              The presented amount is significantly lower than in the previous years due to the differences in the way that the
                 statistics are presented.
***             This percentage illustrates the expenditure for the Polish Film Institute and such cinematography-related activities
                 as e.g. film production and distribution.
****            The presented data concern only the expenditure on the central level.