COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Spain/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.3 Sector breakdown

Table 3:     Direct state cultural expenditure and transfers: by sector, in thousand EUR, in %, 2012

Field / Domain / Sub-domain*

Total expenditure

% share of total

Direct
expenditure

Transfers**

I. Cultural Heritage

405 728

52.5

370 248

35 480

Historical Monuments

146 285

18.9

127 056

19 229

Museums

163 320

21.1

151 993

11 327

Archives

33 290

4.3

32 527

763

Libraries

51 005

6.6

50 466

539

Others

11 828

1.5

8 206

3 622

II. Visual Arts

3 033

0.4

2 031

1 002

Exhibitions

3 033

14.1

2 031

1 002

III. Performing Arts

121 722

15.8

69 091

52 631

Music and dance

81 188

10.5

40 992

40 196

Others

40 534

5.2

28 099

12 435

IV. Books and Press

9 567

1.2

2 850

6 717

Books

9 567

1.2

2 850

6 717

V. Audiovisual and Multimedia

64 950

8.4

17 910

47 040

Cinema

64 950

8.4

17 910

47 040

VI. Interdisciplinary

167 443

21.7

132 877

34 566

Cultural promotion and cooperation

21 535

2.8

2 139

19 396

Cultural dissemination abroad

109 051

14.1

97 518

11 533

General administration and services

35 957

4.7

32 320

3 637

Others

900

0.1

900

0

TOTAL

772 443

100.0

595 007

177 436

Source:     Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (2014) Cultural Statistics Yearbook 2014.
*                 The Domain / Subdomains are those included in the Cultural Statistics Yearbook 2014.
**              Current and capital transfers.

In 2012, the central government spent EUR 772 443 000 on culture, of which 23% corresponded to current and capital transfers to other levels of government and private actors. This percentage has decreased by 6.2 percentage points compared to 2011. In both years, programmes addressing cultural diffusion and cooperation (90.1% in 2012), cinema (72.4% in 2012) and books (70.2% in 2012) concentrated the highest levels of transfers on total cultural spending, contributing the most to the artistic and cultural activities of other levels of government and private actors.

By sectors, the central government in 2012 spent approximately 50% of its resources for culture on the historic and artistic heritage sector, since its area of competence covers mainly the large museums and national monuments. In second place are the resources allocated to cultural diffusion and cooperation at home and abroad, which are particularly important in a country with a high level of internal decentralisation and a firm international commitment to Latin America. With 16.9% of cultural spending in 2012, both programmes are becoming increasingly important in the cultural action of the central administration. The third largest area of spending was performing arts and music, with 15.8%, and with a clear predominance of music, since the central government is responsible for the national and lyric orchestras. Finally, cinema production (8.4%) concentrates a large part of the resources allocated to the culture industries. The allocation of central government resources among different cultural sectors has remained more or less equal during the last five years.

Table 4:     Direct regional cultural expenditure and transfers: by sector, in thousands of EUR, in %, 2012

Field / Domain / Sub-domain

Total expenditure

% share of total

Direct expenditure

Transfers**

I. Cultural Heritage

430 757

33.8

336 002

94 755

Historical Monuments

120 113

9.4

98 268

21 845

Museums

123 503

9.7

88 675

34 828

Archaeological sites

11 353

0.9

10 353

1 000

Archives

44 854

3.5

38 099

6 755

Libraries

98 284

7.7

78 936

19 348

Others

32 649

2.6

21 670

10 979

II. Visual Arts

46 405

3.6

15 953

30 452

Exhibitions

30 808

2.4

11 018

19 790

Photography

1 563

0.1

1 256

307

Others

14 034

1.1

3 680

10 354

III. Performing Arts

258 590

20.3

133 680

124 910

Music

96 411

7.6

34 234

62 177

Dance

20 138

1.6

14 174

5 964

Theatre and Musical Theatre

122 695

9.6

70 631

52 064

Others

19 345

1.5

14 639

4 706

IV. Books and Press

36 030

2.8

29 070

6 960

Book

36 030

2.8

29 070

6 960

V. Audiovisual and Multimedia

50 311

3.9

23 639

26 672

Cinema

47 406

3.7

21 440

25 966

Video

102

0.0

0

102

Sound recordings

29

0.0

0

29

Others

2 774

0.2

2 199

575

VI. Interdisciplinary

434 427

34.1

271 119

163 308

Cultural promotion and cooperation

131 108

10.3

47 635

83 473

Cultural dissemination abroad

3 160

0.2

716

2 444

General administration and services

171 689

13.5

148 357

23 332

Language policy

118 951

9.3

66 561

52 390

Others

9 518

0.7

7 849

1 669

VII. Not covered by domain I-VI

17 244

1.4

17 240

4

TOTAL

1 273 763

100.0

826 703

447 061

Source:     Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (2014) Cultural Statistics Yearbook 2014.
*                 The Domain / Subdomain are those included in the Cultural Statistics Yearbook 2014.
**              Current and capital transfers.

In 2012, the autonomous governments spent EUR 1 273 763 000 on culture, of which approximately 35% corresponded to current and capital transfers to other levels of government and private actors, a higher rate (12 points) than that spent by the central government on the same items of expenditure.

The sectors in which the autonomous governments are most active are historical and artistic heritage (33.8%) and interdisciplinary spending (34.1%), which together receives approximately 70% of public spending on culture. The volume of spending on heritage is due to its high symbolic value and its importance as a public asset in the development of cultural tourism. In the case of interdisciplinary spending, significant sums are allocated to cultural promotion, diffusion and cooperation and to language policy. In any case, there are large divergences between the various Autonomous Communities. As for the rest of the sectors, performance arts and music spending predominates (20.3%), given their local importance.


Chapter published: 24-06-2015

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