COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Spain/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

Table 2:     Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, in thousand EUR, 2006-2012

Level of government

2006

2012

Total

%

Per capita

Total

%

Per capita

Central government

879 918

14.83

20.1

772 443

16.90

16.5

Autonomous regions

1 807 454

30.47

41.3

1 273 763

26.69

27.2

Local government

3 244 712

54.70

74.2

2 725 907

57.12

58.2

TOTAL

5 932 084

100.00

135.6

4 772 113

100.00

 101.9

Source:     Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport (several years) Cultural Statistics Yearbook.

The data in Table 2 show a high level of decentralisation in public spending on culture. As we saw in chapter 6.1, the territorial governments (autonomous and local) account for approximately 85% of government spending in the sector. In 2012, regional and municipal authorities spent a total of EUR 3 999 670 000, of which two thirds was spent by the municipal authorities and one third by the regional powers. The regions spending the highest percentage on culture with respect to the Spanish total were Catalonia (22.2%), Andalusia (15.2%), the Valencian Community (11.9%) and Madrid (9.1%).

The evolution of public cultural expenditure over the period 2006-2012 shows a decrease of 19.6% in nominal terms, and 29.9% at constant prices for 2011. This negative trend can be explained by the decline in regional cultural expenditure that amounted to 29.5%, in nominal terms, and 38.6%, in real terms. This is followed by the reduction of local funding, which suffered a decrease of 16% (26.8% in real terms), and in central funding that decreased by 12.2% (23.5% in real terms).

However, the analysis for the 2008-2012 periods shows a more critical situation for the Spanish cultural sector. Overall public spending on culture decreased by 34.3% in nominal terms (37.3% in real terms). By levels of government, autonomous and local governments had the highest decrease, 41.6% and 31.5% in nominal terms (and 44.2% and 34.6% in real terms) respectively. The central administration experienced a decline of 29.9%, in nominal terms, and 33.1% in real terms.


Chapter published: 24-06-2015

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