5.3.2 Performing arts and music
Music and the performing arts comprise a cultural sector that has long been the subject of official sponsorship (funding and intervention) of one sort or another. Responsibility for this support is now held by a self-governing public body set up in 1984 on an arm's-length basis, the National Institute of Performing Arts and Music (INAEM), whose activities are governed by a Decree issued in 1996. It is responsible for fostering the performing arts and the activities of the following institutions: the Zarzuela Theatre, the National Ballet, the National Dance Company, the National Music Dissemination Centre, the Concert Hall of Madrid, the Spanish National Orchestra and Choir, the Spanish National Youth Orchestra, the Documentation Centre of Music and Dance, the National Classical Theatre Company, the Centre of Theatre Documentation, the National Drama Centre and the Technological Centre of Performing Arts.
In the context of the Cultural Institution Modernisation Plan, which was approved in September 2007, the State Council of the Performing Arts and Music (814/2008 Order) was created, as a ministerial advisory body, which seeks to channel the participation of music, dance, theatre and circus sectors, and their coordination with the Central Administration of the State. In 2010, this policy was replaced by the 497/2010 Royal Decree that regulates the new structure and functions of the State Council of the Performing Arts and Music and the Sectoral Councils of Music, Dance, Theatre and Circus. With the new provision, the State Council becomes a system, organisationally and structurally, more operational and coherent, which integrates in its structure the Sectoral Councils. These analyse and appraise the INAEM's activities in the field of music, dance, theatre and circus; evaluate and monitor the centres of artistic production; and advise in the procedure for appointing directors of the centres of artistic creation. With this new regulation, the INAEM has sought greater involvement of the performing arts and music sectors in the analysis of artistic creation in Spain, through an active role in advising the management and production centres.
In addition, the Artistic Council of the National Music Auditorium (64/2008 Order) has also been established to advise the INAEM and to propose candidates for the post of Artistic Director of the Auditorium. This body also provides a major channel for civil society participation in the management of the Auditorium.
Also to complete the package of measures to modernise the INAEM, the Ministry of Culture approved the Code of Good Practices for INAEM (3520/2008 Order). The measures provided for in the Code are based on a series of basic principles of performance, such as the protection, promotion and dissemination at national and international level of music, dance, theatre and circus, and the development and dissemination of culture as a tool for social cohesion and integration. The Code also focuses on dialogue with cultural institutions and explicitly regulates the management procedures of this public body. In addition, it promotes other aspects, such as the creation and research of new trends in the performing arts and music, the incorporation of new information technologies into creative processes, access to culture for disabled people, implementation of an adequate environmental policy and cultural and management processes in the regional balance of INAEM artistic offerings.
In the field of artistic creation, the INAEM has promoted the approval of the new statutes of the National Dance Company (CUL/1993/2010 Order), the National Ballet (CUL/3065/2010 Order), the National Classical Theatre Company (CUL/3355/2010 Order), the Zarzuela Theatre (CUL/451/2011Order), the National Drama Centre (CUL/2039/2011Order) and the National Music Dissemination Centre (CUL/3359/2011 Order). All represent a profound change in the performing arts and music sectors, as well as their adaptation to the 497/2010 Royal Decree.
The autonomous regions also pursue policies designed to foster music and theatre. They include the 2/1998 Valencian Act of Music aimed at the promotion, protection, coordination, and dissemination of music in Valencia, which led to the creation of the Valencian Institute, and the 4/2008 Act that created the Galician Agency of Cultural Industries, which replaced the former Galician Institute of Performing Arts and Music.