COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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In 2012 there was a significant rise in all cultural performance measures, attributable to the effect of European Capital of Culture, but they have not been sustained.

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Slovenia/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

Table 22:   Cultural participation trends in figures, Slovenia, 2012

 

Theatre
(drama and puppets) 2006; only in parent theatre

Theatre*

(drama and puppets) 2011; only in parent theatre

Theatre*

(drama and puppets) 2012; only in parent theatre

Theatre*

(drama and puppets) 2013; only in parent theatre

Number of performances

1 532

2 337

3 683

2 304

Number of visitors

374 340

587 441

674 786

451 310

Number of visitors per 1 000 inhabitants

186

286

328

219

 

Classical concerts 2006 (only in parent house)

Classical concerts 2011 (only in parent house)

Classical concerts 2012 (only in parent house)

Classical concerts 2013 (only in parent house)

Number of performances

100

139

124

217

Number of works performed

1 787

1 657

1 626

2 534

Number of performed works by Slovenian authors

631

634

589

999

Number of visitors

70 190

83 012

59 064

148 698

Number of visitors per 1 000 inhabitants

35

40

29

72

 

Museums and galleries 2006

Museums and galleries 2011

Museums and galleries 2012

Museums and galleries 2013

Number of exhibitions

1 882

2 381

2 503

3 028

Number of visitors

2 347 192

3 020 194

3 548 276

3 558 551

Number of visitors per 1 000 inhabitants

1 169

1 472

1 726

1 728

Number of children and youth visitors

642 840

631 940

646 494

638 952

Number of paid visits

766 352

1 315 430

912 451

1 148 534

Number of foreign visitors

/

814 210

758 700

731 519

 

Cinemas (feature films) 2006

Cinemas (feature films) 2011

Cinemas (feature films) 2012

Cinemas (feature films) 2013

Number of all visitors

2 685 234

2 867 224

2 637 830

2 277 595

Number of all visitors per 1 000 inhabitants

1 336

1 396

1 283

1 106

Number of visitors to home produced feature films

23 617

131 415

132 304

253 580

Number of visitors to foreign produced feature films

2 661 617

2 735 809

2 505 526

2 024 015

 

Books and brochures published 2007

Books and brochures published 2008*

 

Number of books and brochures published

5 129

6 358

 

Number of literature books (UDK 8), published

1 038

1 274

 

Number of books and brochures published per 1 000 inhabitants

2.6

3.2

 

Number of firstly published books and brochures

4 378

5 464

 

Source:     Statistical Office of Republic of Slovenia.
*                 Data for publishing after 2008 are not available at Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia.

Creating a public demand for culture is a task that producers of culture have long recognised as a condition for their existence and development. In the year 2006 and 2007, in many cultural fields, there was a decrease in attendance. In the theatre field, the number of performances and visitors to Slovene professional theatres increased dramatically in recent years (the data are from public institutions reports – in the above Table we include only the data on performances and visitors to parent institutions): there was an average of 215 visitors to the theatre, annually, per 1 000 inhabitants in the period 1993-1997; theatre visits, in 2001, amounted to 352 visitors per 1 000 inhabitants; and in 2005, this figure increased to 442 visitors per 1 000 inhabitants. But in 2006 and 2007 there was a decrease: professional theatre visits, in 2007 amounted to 432 visitors per 1 000 inhabitants (in 2006 it amounted to 379 visitors per 1 000 inhabitants). Although in 2011 and 2012 there was again a significant rise (in 2012 perhaps to be attributed to the European Capital of Culture Maribor 2012), in 2013 there was again a significant drop to the pre-2011 levels.

The data on classical concerts show a slightly different story. While the number of performances has risen by more than 100% since 2006, the number of visitors does not follow the same pattern (it has even fallen from 2010 to 2011) and the number of performed works has fallen from 2006 (which could be a consequence of better organisational possibilities allowing for more productions of the same work). Obviously, the organisational advance allowing for more performances per work has not been accompanied by an adequate increase in the number of visitors which could provide reasons for worry and possible further organisational changes. On the other hand, in 2012 there was again a significant rise in all performance measures, perhaps to be again attributed to the effect of European Capital of Culture.

A different and more positive picture is shown by visits to museums and galleries. The visits have significantly increased since 2006, being accompanied by a rise in the number of exhibitions, foreign visitors and paid visits. Especially, the rise in paid visits leads to consideration that marketing of museums and galleries is improving despite considerations about insufficient attractiveness of Slovenian museums being present in media and press.

The number of cinemas in Slovenia fell drastically in the 1990s (between 1986 and 2000, their number almost halved). Audience numbers fell accordingly (showing a fall of 59% during this time). The number of cinemagoers began to increase again with the founding of cinema complexes (the first opened in Ljubljana in 2001). From 1995 to 2000, the number of showings in Slovene cinemas increased four-fold, and the audience numbers increased six-fold. From 2001, there was a growth in attendance at Slovene cinemas (2001 - 1 791 000 visitors; 2002 – 2 689 000 visitors; 2003 – 2 884 000 visitors; and in 2004 -3 003 000 visitors). During the years 2005-2007, audience numbers started to slowly decrease again (in 2005 – 2 443 776 visitors; in 2006 – 2 675 938 visitors; and in 2007 – 2 396 649 visitors). The number of visitors to Slovenian cinemas has been stagnating since, yet there is significant improvement in the number of visitors to home-produced films. In the past years, there has been propaganda in favour of Slovenian produced films being accompanied by great success in several films by Slovenian directors: "Petelinji zajtrk" and "Gremo mi po svoje" being the best known examples, each one of those films breaking the records on visits to Slovenian films. On the other hand, the number of visitors to foreign films has been stagnating, probably a consequence of the Slovenian cinema market being already rather mature and saturated with foreign (Hollywood as well as European and artistic) production.

Slovene publishing activity is rich, both in terms of diversity and in terms of quality and complexity. Unfortunately, there was a decrease in the publishing of books in 2007 compared to 2006: in 2007 5 129 books and brochures were published while in 2006 this number amounted to 5 740. Fortunately the condition improved again in 2008 as shown in the figures and has been rising since.

Table 23:   Data on radio and television, in Slovenia, 2006-2013

 

Radio, 2006

Radio, 2011

Radio, 2012

Radio, 2013

Total number of radio programmes

63

86

88

92

Number of public radio programmes

4

5

4

3

Number of private profit radio programmes

22

54

52

65

 

Television, 2006

Television, 2011

Television, 2012

Television, 2013

Total number of TV programmes

51

61

59

61

Number of public TV programmes

2

2

1

2

Number of private profit TV programmes

27

38

41

38

Source:     Statistical Office RS.

Audio-visual media is an important factor in strengthening the Slovene national identity and in preserving the Slovene language. In 2008 99% of households had televisions, 64.7% received cable programmes and 9.9% satellite programmes (Source: http://www.cek.ef.uni-lj.si/u_diplome/polensek4206.pdf). The number of printed dailies is also increasing. The largest share of audiences – more than 90% - is attracted by audio-visual media (radio and television), newspapers 6% and journals 2%. Research shows that reading habits among those younger than 18 years are falling sharply and, at the same time, they are above average users of television.


Chapter published: 11-02-2015

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