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Slovakia/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.6 Film, video and photography

The basic legal norm regulating this area is Act No. 343/2007 Coll. on Conditions for Taking Evidence, Public Broadcasting and the Preservation of Audiovisual Works, Multimedia Works and Sound Recordings of Artistic Performances and on the change of and amendment to some laws (Audiovisual Act).

The Act regulates the obligations for production, public broadcasting and evidence-taking of audiovisual works, sound recordings of literary or musical works and multimedia works, the position of an independent producer, the position and activity of the Slovak Institute of Film, conditions governing professional storage of original mediums on which audiovisual works were for the first time recorded, sounds-video recordings and sound recordings forming the audiovisual heritage of the Slovak Republic.

The Act also defines some basic terms used in the audiovisual area, namely a Slovak audiovisual work, cinematographic works, producer of an audiovisual work, distributor of an audiovisual work, dubbing and other terms.

The Act stipulates and especially regulates:

  • the obligatory registration of Slovak audiovisual works, Slovak sound recordings and Slovak multimedia works (a list is kept by the Ministry of Culture);
  • the record of entities operating in the audio-visual field (a list is kept by the Ministry and data has been collected by the Slovak Institute of Film);
  • the allocation of an international standard audiovisual work number (ISAN);
  • the classification of audiovisual works, sound recordings and multimedia works from the point of view of their appropriateness for various age groups (unified system of labelling of audiovisual works and TV programmes);
  • the obligations which must be fulfilled at public performances of audiovisual works (specification of obligatory data, regulations on language of audiovisual works);
  • the advertisements during audiovisual presentations;
  • the position, activities , tasks, management, administration and budgetary control of the Slovak Film Institute (the Institute also exercises all rights covering the Slovak audiovisual works which were created before 1991 by state organisation in the audiovisual field);
  • the protection of audiovisual heritage (mandatory deposit and optional deposit of Slovak audiovisual works and conditions of performance thereof, the definition of the audiovisual heritage of the Slovak Republic);
  • the specification and registration of independent producers in the audiovisual field; and
  • bodies and supervision of adherence of the law.

By the Audiovisual Act, the European Convention on the Protection of Audiovisual Heritage and Recommendations of the European Parliament and the Council on film heritage and the competitiveness of related industrial activities were implemented into the legal system of the Slovak Republic.

On the 1st January 2009, the Act No. 516/2008 Coll. on the Audiovisual Fund and the amendment of certain acts came into force by witch the Audiovisual Fund has been created as an independent institution for the support and development of audiovisual culture and industry. The fund provides financial resources from the 1st January 2010 for the whole spectrum of activities connected with the development, production and distribution of audiovisual works. In 2010 the Audiovisual Fund supported 265 applications for 140 different subjects in the amount of 6.9 million EUR.

Chapter published: 28-09-2011

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