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Slovakia/ 5.1 General legislation  

5.1.1 Constitution

The Constitution of the Slovak Republic, as amended and approved in 1992, refers to the political and cultural heritage of its ancestors and of its Cyril and Methodius spiritual heritage. The preamble also contains a basic attempt at applying a democratic form of public administration, guarantees a life in freedom and the development of spiritual, cultural and economic prosperity.

The Constitution states that the Slovak Republic supports the national awareness and cultural identity of Slovaks living abroad, furthering its support to institutions established for the purpose of achieving the above objective and for supporting their relations with the motherland.

Article 34 stipulates that citizens who form a national minority or ethnic group are guaranteed the right to develop their own culture and, together with other members of national minority or ethnic groups, the right to spread and receive information in their mother tongue, to associate in national associations, and to establish and maintain educational and cultural institutions.

Article 43 guarantees the freedom of scientific research and art. The right to ownership of creative and intellectual property is protected by law. The right to have access to a cultural wealth is guaranteed under conditions stipulated in this special act.

Article 44 guarantees the right to the protection of an environmental and cultural heritage - "Everybody is obliged to protect and enhance an environmental and cultural heritage".

Chapter published: 15-01-2008

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