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Slovakia/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

The Slovak Republic does not have a special definition regarding culture that is formulated by law. The Constitution of the Slovak Republic assures the economic, social and cultural right of citizens (rights of access to cultural wealth) and the right of protection to a cultural heritage (Article 44, par. 2 - "Every citizen is obliged to protect and increase the environmental and cultural heritage").

The document entitled The Strategy of a State Cultural Policy, approved by the government of the Slovak Republic in 2004, defines culture as a complex issue, involving knowledge, faith, art, law, morals, customs and any and all other abilities and traditions which humanity has acquired during its historic development. Culture is therefore an important indicator by the state of the society and the quality of life for the individual within the society.

On 28 February 2001, the National Council of the Slovak Republic approved the Declaration on the Protection of Cultural Heritage, in which cultural heritage was defined as follows: "works of material and immaterial value, movable and immovable objects, including imported pieces of work and ideas, which have found their place and application in Slovakia. " According to the above declaration, the protection of cultural heritage is in the public interest, and it is performed on the basis of respecting the individual rights and freedoms of citizens. The principles and tools for the protection of cultural heritage should not violate other civil rights without providing equivalent compensation according to relevant laws.

Chapter published: 15-01-2008

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