COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Serbia/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.1 Aggregated indicators

Public cultural expenditure per capita in Serbia in 2013 was 23 EUR (2 690 CSD), while in 2008 the figure was 24 EUR (2 040 CSD). Compared to the previous years there was a decrease of cultural expenditure per capita of 3% in total. At present about 524 cultural organisations have the status of budget users, out of which 167 are located in the territory of AP Vojvodina, and 359 in the territory of Central Serbia. This fact indicates that the cultural system still creates great pressure on the state budget. On the other hand, the current situation indicates that there is no public awareness or will to introduce the principles of efficiency and management practice in cultural institutions / organisation, or political interest to start cultural financial reforms.

Increasing per capita expenditure at the local level (see Table 8a) is a result of a shift in emphasis towards supporting festivals as a part of local cultural life, which supported about 1 250 local events and festivals in Serbian municipalities. It seems that the new government elected in 2008 was interested in creating a social welfare state. In the first year of appointment, there was a rise in public expenditure in all social domains, including culture. The "festivalisation" of culture has caused disapproval among cultural actors: e.g. "Exit" and "Cinema City" events receive 1/3 of all financial support granted by the open competition system in Novi Sad (630 000 EUR in 2009 and 300 000 EUR in 2010).

In 2013, total public cultural expenditure was 163.3 million EUR. This corresponds to 1.39% of total public expenses in Serbia at all levels of government.

Table 8:    Public cultural expenditure per capita in Serbia, in EUR, 2001-2013

Year

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2013

Per capita cultural expenditure (all government levels)

16.5

15.7

20.1

19.6

17.4

18.4

20.4

22.6

24.0

18*

15*

23*

Per capita cultural expenditure (the central level -Republic)

3.0

3.0

6.2

11.0

9.3

14.5

11.1

   11.6

10.1

7.2

7.7

9*

Per capita cultural expenditure (provincial level / AP Vojvodina)

1.5

2.35

2.9

3.10

3.3

3.4

3.6

5.1

5.8

5.7

n.a.

6*

Per capita cultural expenditure (city of Belgrade)

22.5

24

20.1

17.5

18.3

20.6

25.4

22.7

19.2

17.1

16.1

15.5*

Source:    Mikic H. (2011) Cultural policy and contemporary challenges of Financing culture: international experiences and Serbia, Culture No. 130, pp. 75-104; Mikić H. (2013) Cultural industries and diversity of cultural expression in Serbia, Belgrade: Creative Economy Group.
*              estimate; per capita expenditure includes expenditure for Diaspora cultural projects allocated by the Ministry of Diaspora, expenditure for preservation and conservation of religious cultural objects allocated by the Ministry of religion, expenditure for cultural-tourism project allocated by the Ministry of economy and tourism. 

Table 8a:  Public cultural expenditure per capita in some Serbian cities, 2007-2009

Year
mount

2007

2008

2009

In EUR

In EUR

In EUR

Belgrade

25.4

22.7

19.2

Novi Sad

32.55

31.76

32.68

Sremska Mitrovica

30.30

36.40

29.80

Subotica

21.60

25.80

Na.

Zrenjanin

20.20

22.90

Na.

Pancevo

16.00

23.60

17.70

Nis

17.90

21.80

20.10

Uzice

19.40

20.40

18.10

Sombor

16.10

17.60

14.00

Pozarevac

16.80

20.10

Na.

Krusevac

14.40

16.60

14.50

Kragujevac

14.50

17.60

19.00

Sabac

12.10

14.40

Na.

Кraljevo 

9.60

11.70

13.20

Vranje

9.30

12.10

11.50

Leskovac 

10.50

13.60

9.80

Jagodina

11.00

13.50

Na.

Smederevo

9.80

11.90

8.30

Valjevo

9.00

10.20

10.60

Novi Pazar

8.30

4.60

16.70

Loznica

5.70

6.60

Na.

Cacak

Na.

13.10

Na.

Zajecar

Na.

Na.

20.40

Source:    Local cultural policies (2010), Institute for Cultural Development, Belgrade; Author's calculation based on Budget Decision of Novi Sad and Belgrade, 2007-2009.


Chapter published: 18-08-2015

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