COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Serbia/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.6 Film, video and photography

The former Yugoslavia was very well-known for its film production, not only of long features, but also in the field of documentary and short films. 20-30 films were produced per year. However, in 1991, with the dissolution of the country, only about five films were being produced per year. This situation changed with the support for film production coming from both State Television and from the Ministry of Culture after 2000, with the significant increase in the support of the Euroimage fund, as well as the number of regional co-production projects. The Serbian film industry produced 80 new feature films during the period 2005-2010 (2005 - 5 feature films; 2006 - 7 feature films; 2007 - 16 feature films; and 2008 - 13 feature films, 2009 – 18 feature films, 2010 – 21 feature films).

There are two basic public institutions responsible for cinematography in Serbia:

  • the Yugoslav Film Archive (one of the five largest film archives in the world); and
  • the Film Centre of Serbia.

In Serbia, laws for film are considered out-dated and are currently being revised (the current law is the Law on Cinematography from 1991).  In anticipation of the adoption of a new Film Law, the Ministry of Culture and Media organised an open competition for state funding to new films. From 2002 to 2007, 10.18 million EUR were invested in feature films, in a number of short films and some documentaries, some of which received awards from international and national film festivals.

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (now the Republic of Serbia) entered Eureka Audiovisual in 2001. It also became very active within the South East European Cinema Network due to the fact that in 2004 (November 17th) it became an active member of the European Film Fund for coproduction, distribution and exhibition of creative cinematographic and audiovisual works - Eurimages (as a part of the Federal Union of Serbia and Montenegro at that time). According to the statistics, Serbian authors obtain a significant percentage of the allocated means.

Currently there are five cinema venues in Serbia, within the Network of Europa Cinemas – in Belgrade - Cultural Centre Belgrade (KCB), Art Cinema "Museum" and Dom Sindikata, as well as Multimedia center "Kvart" in Kraljevo and "Cinema" in Zrenjanin.

In the framework of assistance to digitalisation of theatres that are members of the Eurimages network, in 2011 two of the venues were supported - cinemas in Kraljevo and Belgrade's KCB. This is a tri-partite project involving support at the local level, the Ministry and the Eurimages. There is also the plan to continue digitalisation of other cinema venues in Serbia (e.g. Eurocinema in Subotica, venue of Palic festival, Cinema in Leskovac, etc.).

The Ministry of Culture has formed a Group of experts for audio-visual heritage in order to create a new institution dealing with audio-visual material. The idea is to transform the "Film News" (Filmske novosti) and to create an institution able to maintain, save, and restore film, video and audio production – similar to the functioning of the French INA (Institut National d'Audio-visuel).


Chapter published: 18-08-2015

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