5.1.2 Division of jurisdiction
Considering the small territorial size of San Marino (approx. 61 km2), a clear-cut distinction between central and local authorities, the latter consisting of 9 municipalities called "Castles", is almost pointless. Law n. 22 of 1994 and subsequent Law n. 97 of 2002 amending the legislation on Township Councils define the functions and powers of local authorities in all sectors, including culture. The 2002 Law assigns a significant role to the Township Councils within the institutional framework of the country, to be carried out, however, in close cooperation with the central authorities. In May 2008, the first reading of a Law on the Reform of Township Councils was held, with the objective to simplify the election of the Heads of the Township Councils, enhancing their role and conferring more power and autonomy upon them (see also chapter 3.2 for recent developments concerning the draft law amending the legislation on Township Councils).