4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector
According to some surveys, the number of people employed in the various cultural sectors has increased considerably over the last decade and is now equal to 411, divided up between employees (managerial, concept and auxiliary staff) of public cultural institutes (230 people) and private sector employees (181 people). These figures, provided by the Labour Office, are however general as they include people works at training institutes, cultural agencies and associations, entertainment services, radio and television and at other entertainment or recreational services.
A general growth in the number of people working in the culture sector was registered until 2002; after which employment levels stabilised. At the moment, there are no specific policies or strategies aimed at creating jobs in the cultural sector. Culture, like other working sectors, would need an active labour policy, but this issue is still open for debate. Worth mentioning in this regard is the approval of Law n. 131 of 29 September 2005 promoting, supporting and developing employment and training. Law n. 131, which supplements 1989 Law on Employment, has integrated training with guidance, by personalising employment procedures in the companies. With regard to wages, San Marino has a unified public wage structure: the same wage applies to the same salary level. However, in practice, the same categories have reached different salary levels due, for example, to supplementary benefits. If we compare the wages of directors working in public cultural institutes and hospital directors (chief physicians), both having the highest responsibility in their respective sectors, the latter has a higher salary. Indeed, health staff receives some supplementary benefits which those working in cultural institutes do not.
The information service InformaGiovani Network San Marino was made available in April 2010 thanks to the SMIAF project (see chapter 3.4.4). This service, promoted and supported by the San Marino Labour Confederation (CSdL), is a sort of laboratory aiming at providing information on the opportunities offered on the territory and at promoting the ideas, experiences and skills of young people. It deals with issues such as school, professional, social and cultural guidance and offers, free of charge, an information and training service to young people from 15 to 35 years of age. The interviews promoted by this service have highlighted that young people experience problems connected with the labour world in the fields of arts, entertainment, events and young entrepreneurship with regard to inclusion in unemployment lists, taxation and contributions. In order to provide a solution to these problems, InformaGiovani Network San Marino organised a series of meetings entitled "Atypical workers in the fields of arts, culture, new professions, young entrepreneurship…" with a view to collecting the highest possible number of data, information and requests to be reported to the competent institutions. These activities will contribute to the inclusion of new professions in the unemployment lists of the Labour Office.