A new law from Jan 2011 will offer more independence to public institutions in management and sourcing funding.
5.3.8 Other areas of culture specific legislation
The so called "ethnic-national policy" has been a matter of legal regulation since the 1990s. The Law on National Cultural Autonomy (1996) provides the legal basis for the Diaspora's cultural self-organisationand gives special opportunities to preserve cultural heritage and develop cultural activities for all ethnic groups, especially those not having territorial-administrative units. Special chapters of the Law deal with the right to preserve, develop, and use a native language, including preservation and development of ethnic cultures. According to the Law, the National Cultural Autonomy (NCA) is a particular type of public organisation that can be established by an ethnic group. It can be a local, regional or all-Russia level organisation and their socially important projects can receive state funding. An NCA also has the right to establish educational institutions and to produce textbooks and other training materials. The main criticism of the Law is concerned with its unclear and vague clauses, together with uncertainty over governmental obligations.
There is also a system of regulations protecting indigenous peoples' rights. These are the Law on the Rights Guaranteed for Indigenous Peoples (1999); the Law on General Principles of Organising Communes among the Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and of the Far East of the RF (2000); and the Law on the Territories of Traditional Land Use among the Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and of the Far East of the RF (2000), which protect their cultures, languages, way of life and environment.