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Russia/ 5.3 Sector specific legislation  

5.3.6 Film, video and photography

The Law on State Support for Cinematography in the Russian Federation was adopted in 1996. It gave temporary advantages to the film industry (tax and custom duty exemption, for example) that were never fully implemented. However, it did provide about 80% of non-budget financing. Tax incentives for private investors expired in 2001 and were substituted with public funding.

State funding is provided for films that obtain National Film status, which means that all its materials and statutory copies are submitted to the State Film Fund of the Russian Federation. A dissemination license is provided after giving a copy to the state depository; however, services provided by cinema theatres are not included in the list of cultural ones. The statutory deposit is also given to the Sate Fund of Television and Radio Programmes, Russian State Film and Photo Archives, and the Russian State Audio Archives. Amendments to the Law, adopted in February 2006, eliminate the requirement for the Ministry of Culture to keep the State Register of Cinematographic Organisations.

In 2001, two Presidential Decrees were issued in order to restructure film production and film distribution through turning film studios and other related enterprises into joint stock companies. An important issue for the sector is that remuneration for production and distribution is regulated by special governmental acts, which underpin the key financial role of film producers.

General laws concerned with production and commercial activities regulate audiovisual productions, including those dealing with issues of public morality, control over the dissemination of pornographic material, etc. Specific legislation in the field firstly regulates legal production, licensing (of audiovisual material and phonograms, computer programmes and DB introduced in 2008), dissemination and screening. These measures are aimed at fighting piracy and at protection of the market against illegal production, which is in high demand due to lower prices, however they still remain ineffective.

Chapter published: 11-04-2013

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