COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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An increase in cultural salaries is so far being funded by job cuts.

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Russia/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

In 2009, there were about 818 thousand full-time employees working in arts and culture institutions under the Ministry of Culture (there were 840 thousand in 2004 and 800 thousand in 2006). The cultural sector is characterised by a lack of qualified personnel, of the younger employees entering the field, as well as by the sector brain drain. The problem is that these workers receive the lowest salaries compared to all other professions in the public sector. The regional situation is uneven in general and critical in rural areas; the federal and regional institutions' average salaries differ a lot, in 2006 they equalled relatively 11 497 and 5 368 RUB; in 2009, relatively 21 522 and 10 034 RUB. Moreover, the work of cultural sector employees was not stable and about a quarter of them changed jobs each year.

Table 1:     Salary in RUB and EUR, 2000-2009

Year

Minimum level of
subsistence for working population

General
average in RUB
(EUR*)

Institutions under the Ministry of Culture

Average

Women

Federal employees

Regional and local employees

2000

1 320

2 223
(85.5)

1 050

937

1 812

978

2004

2 602

6 832
(181)

3 656

3 403

7 539

3 307

2006

3 714

10 633
(306)

5 886

5 498

11 497

5 368

2007

3 422

13 593
(532)

7 388

6 863

14 234

6 776

2008

3 847

17 226
(416)

9 524

-           

17 704

8 787

2009

4 593

17 200
(392)

10 994

-           

21 522

10 034

Source:     Number of workers and salaries in institutions and organisations of the Ministry of Culture of the RF, Moscow, 2002-2010.

To increase wages in the public cultural sector, in 2008 a new sector specific salary calculation was introduced which was to boost wages by 30%. There were also examples of effective initiatives to attract cultural workers to rural areas by providing the younger workers with additional support. Nonetheless, this was not enough to solve the old problem and in 2012 the Presidential Decree stated an increase of salaries in the sector (see chapter 4.1). This decision has not been backed up by any additional funding yet and is being implemented by job cuts. The staff of the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg was cut by 270 workers.

However, there is still a need for skilled workers trained in new technologies and capable of functioning in the new economic situation. Many of those working in the cultural field are elderly and trained in the old welfare state socialist system. Attracting cultural workers and training cultural managers and administrators remains a fundamental challenge, also for the education system.


Chapter published: 11-04-2013

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