3.4.6 Other relevant issues
Support for the Russian speaking communities abroad and grant giving for preservation of their cultural identity recently gained a new impetus. Russian is the fourth language of the world according to the number of speakers, and related activities are supported both at the federal and regional levels. In 2007, to promote its study and use, the Russian President set up the "Russky Mir" Foundation. Since then, the Foundation has established units in many countries, implements projects and gives grants in support of the Russian language and culture, the Russian language mass media and informational resources.
The Russian diaspora abroad (estimated at 35 million) is regarded as a partner in fostering the Russian language and culture worldwide. A special Governmental Commission on Affairs of Compatriots Abroad supports cultural identity and knowledge of Russian among the compatriots. Each year, the World Conference of Compatriots Living Abroad and once in three years, the World Congresses of Compatriots are held in Russia to strengthen mutual links and to discuss the current situation and possible improvements in Russian legislation on related state policies.
In 2009, the private Prokhorov's Fund, in co-operation with the Fund of the First Russian President B.Yeltsin, initiated the international TRANSCRIPT Project in order to support the translation of Russian fiction into foreign languages. The Yeltsin Foundation awards the best literary translations from Russian into English, French, Italian, German, and Spanish.