COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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New State Programme outlines plan for cultural sector for 2013-2020 including a gradual increase in funding.

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Russia/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

Cultural policy aims to exercise the constitutional rights of Russia's citizens (see chapter 5.1.1). Discussions that followed the National and European experts' reports on cultural policy in Russia (see chapter 9.1), and its presentation to the Culture Committee of the Council of Europe (1996), favoured the development scenario, which was in accordance with the ideas and principles set out in the documents of the Council of Europe and UNESCO. Since then, the aims of cultural policy, as formulated in official documents, emphasise the importance of classical culture and national cultural traditions, creativity and protection activities, access to culture and artistic education.

In 2008, the Concept of the Long-term Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation (2008-2020) or "Strategy 2020" was presented by the Minister of Economic Development. It states development and realisation of both personal and social cultural potential as the main cultural policy objective within the general transition to the innovative economy and describes its principal directions as follows:

  • to provide for equal access to cultural goods and services, to cultural and artistic education for Russian citizens;
  • to assert quality and accessibility of cultural services;
  • to safeguard and promote the cultural heritage of Russia's peoples;
  • to use cultural potential for promotion of the positive image of Russia abroad; and
  • to improve administrative, economic, and juridical mechanisms in the cultural sector.

The governmental "Strategy 2020" links innovation to massive investment in human capital needed and relatively to the general development of education, science, and culture. It also proposes milestones and related indicators for the increase in the use of cultural institutions and in the quality of related facilities to modernise a network of state cultural institutions and to provide general and equal access to cultural goods and services.

The Culture of Russia (2012-2018) Federal Target Programme, which accumulates funding for the most important activities within routine culture management, states its targets as follows:

  • preservation of Russian cultural identity and providing equal access to cultural goods and possibilities for personal cultural and spiritual development;
  • providing for the quality and diversity of services within the culture and arts sector; modernisation of cultural institutions;
  • informatisation of the sector;
  • modernisation of arts education and training culture professionals with due regard to preservation of the Russian school and contemporary challenges;
  • preservation and promotion of cultural heritage of the peoples of Russia; and
  • creation of Russia's positive image for the world community.

The new State Programme of the Russian Federation on Development of Culture and Tourism for the period of 2013-2020 is under discussion. It states its main goal as follows: to implement the strategic role of culture as the spiritual and moral foundation for development of an individual and the state, for the integrity of Russian society. The three tasks are to be fulfilled to achieve this goal, which are as follows:

  • preservation of cultural and historical heritage, provisions for access to cultural goods and participation in cultural life, actualisation of the national creative and innovative potential;
  • increase in quality and accessibility of tourist services of both domestic and foreign tourism, development of tourism as an efficient tool for promotion of national cultural and natural heritage and its exposure; and
  • provisions for sustainable development of culture and the arts sector.

Chapter published: 11-04-2013

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