8.3.4 Higher arts education and professional training
The Bologna process has brought substantial changes to the art education system in Romania. The duration of studies has been modified. Furthermore, this change had great impact on the study programmes: the duration of some studies was reduced from one academic year to an academic term; some courses taught in undergraduate studies are now taught in graduate studies.
There are several types of institutions: national academies, universities of arts and universities with faculties that offer arts and cultural education. The National Academies are dedicated to a singular subject like National University of Theatre and Cinema "Ion Luca Caragiale", Bucharest or Music Academy "Gheorghe Dima", Piatra –Neamt. The Universities of Arts (Bucharest, Iasi and Tirgu-Mures) offer courses of music, theatre and visual arts. The universities have their own internal policies regarding admission, exams, condition for graduate, and curricular.
In the case of music teachers, professional development continues after university training. In Romania, the courses for music teachers are organised by the higher musical institutions three times a year. After these courses, teachers receive a higher degree in their status as a teacher but not an additional qualification. This process is mentioned in the study: Arts and Cultural Education at School in Europe, 2009 done by the The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency of the European Commission.
Also, there are alternative forms of training for professionals active in the cultural field such as the Aristotle Workshop Association (AWA), which is a training and development centre dedicated to foster a new generation of creative documentary filmmakers in Central and Eastern Europe. Since 2006, the association organises each year a documentary film workshop, which is a training structure specialised in the conception, direction and production of documentary films. The workshop brings together international experts in the field.