COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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Attendance figures for culture continue a downward decline in 2010.

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Romania/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation  

8.2.1 Trends and figures

Concerning cultural consumption, according to the data of the Centre of Research and Consultancy on Culture, the period 1998- 2007 was characterised by two trends: an ascending one (1999 - 2003) and a descending one (2003- 2006). The following graph represents the cultural consumption index in Romania.

Figure 2:    Index of cultural participation, 1998-2007
Source:     Centre of Research and Consultancy on Culture, Cultural Life Index.

The study "Comparative Statistics on the Cultural Sector in Romania and other European Countries" provided by the Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, realised in 2007 (http://culturadata.ro), found that there were 567 museum visitors per 1 000 habitants and 24.6 opera attendees per 1 000 habitants, higher values than those from countries such as Greece, Poland, Bulgaria and Albania; theatre participation had lower values than countries such as Austria or  Lithuania during this period, but not much lower than Switzerland. The next Table includes some international comparisons which highlight the number of participants per 1 000 habitants that attended art, theatre and opera performances, museum / exhibitions and cinemas.

Table 9:     International comparison of attendance at artistic performances/ exhibitions, number per thousand habitants, 2007

 

Albania

Austria

Bulgaria

Lithuania

Macedonia

Poland

Romania

Switzerland

Museums

52

1 782

527

916

78

536

567

n/a

Entertainment performances / Concerts

n/a

1.06

n/a

n/a

n/a

0.26

0.20

0.21

Theatre

9

738

113

210

110

129

78

91

Opera

19.8

n/a

15.5

n/a

n/a

20.3

24.6

74.2

Cinema

n/a

4.8

0.3

0.1

0.1

0.9

0.1

0.2

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, Comparative Statistics regarding the Cultural Sector in Romania and other European Countries, 2007 (http://culturadata.ro).

A very important contingent agent which influenced cultural participation lately in Romania is the economic recession (which impacted from the second half of 2008). It determined a negative evolution of cultural consumption in almost all the cultural areas, but the most affected domains (as you can see in the following graphs) are: museum and exhibitions attendance (the value for 2010 is 17% lower than the 2008 value), theatre attendance (the value for 2010 is 15% lower than the 2008 value), the attendance at entertainment and music performances (the value for 2010 is 12% lower than the 2008 value) and cinema attendance (which dropped by 17% in 2010, from 2008). Even the attendance at local events or celebrations saw a negative trend (the 2010 value is 10% less than for 2008). However, compared to 2009, in 2010 there was a small growth in some of these domains, but the 2007 high values of consumption are far from being reached. 

Figure 3:    Museum / exhibition admissions rate, 2005-2010

Source:     Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, Cultural Consumption Barometer 2010.

Figure 4:    Theatre attendance rate, 2005-2010

Source:     Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, Cultural Consumption Barometer 2010.

Figure 5:    Attendance to entertainment and music performances, 2005-2010

Source:     Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, Cultural Consumption Barometer 2010.

Figure 6:    Cinema admission rate, 2005-2010

Source:     Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, Cultural Consumption Barometer 2010.


Chapter published: 23-08-2012

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