7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions
In 2005, a major reform of the institutional capacity building was initiated, with the adoption of GD no. 26/2005 on the management of public cultural institutions. This Directive introduces the concept of a management contract for a period of 3 to 5 years in the sector of public cultural institutions.
The adoption of GD no. 189/2008 represents a new step in the reform of the institutional capacity building, initiated in 2005. This Directive maintains the concept of a management contract in the sector of public cultural institutions. However, GD no.189/2008 limits the contract to the period necessary for the implementation of the management project, and not to a period of 3 to 5 years.
Budget cuts have affected The Ministry of Culture funds for public cultural institutions and cultural projects. The Governmental Emergency Ordinance 34/2009 has blocked vacancies in public cultural institutions, a freeze that continued in 2010 and 2011. A large debate has emerged within the civil society over the restructuration and the negative effects of the Government measures for the cultural sector.
Also, the general economic situation and the overall budget deficit have had an influence on the governmental measure of layoffs in public institutions, whichaffected most of the public cultural institutions as well.
Partnership between public cultural institutions and private institutions / organisations
During recent years, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage – or the institutions that are subordinated to the MoCNH - have been involved both in formal agreements and project-based agreements.
MoCNH was involved as institutional partner in the organisation of important festivals like Garana Jazz Festival, TIFF – Transylvania International Film Festival and Dakino Film Festival.
Another project-based agreement is Biblionet, initiated by MoCNH in partnership with the IREX Foundation (see: http://www.biblionet.ro/show/index/k/62/a/313). This project aims to develop a modern system of public libraries in Romania.
"The Young Euro 26 - Access to Culture" agreement, signed with the Association Euro<26 (member of EYCA network) is part of the UNDP's GLOBAL COMPACT Programme and is based on facilitating access to culture and education for young people.
Also, The Autonomous Board for Film Distribution and Exploitation (Romania Film) has been involved in a formal agreement with an important telecommunication company. The purpose of this agreement is to encourage cinema access for young people.
However, the economic crisis affected the private funding and sponsorship of the cultural activities. The study "The Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Culture" conducted in 2009 by the Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture (http://www.culturadata.ro) indicates that cultural actors evaluated the diminution of private sponsorship at over 50% in the first and second semesters of 2009 compared to the same period of 2008. Some cultural sectors felt this diminution of financial support from private actors more acutely. The book publishing industry is one such example. The same study indicates that many of the sponsors that contributed to the organisation of book fairs declined their support on account of losses related to the financial crisis.