COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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In 2010, public cultural expenditure by local government was 1.55% less than in 2009. The previous year, the decrease in public cultural expenditure was 13%.

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Romania/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

Table 4:     Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, in RON and EUR, 2010

Level of government

Total expenditure in RON

Total expenditure in EUR

% share
of total

State (central, federal)

703 535 902

167 114 635

19%

Local (municipal, incl. counties)

3 024 817 000

718 500 915

81%

TOTAL

3 728 352 902

885 615 550

100%

Source:     MoCNH, Directorate for the Budget, Finances and Development.

After the decentralisation of public cultural services (see chapter 7.1), many funding sources were transferred from the central administration to the local administration. The percentage of local public cultural expenditure increased from 75% in 2009 to 81% in 2010.

Local level:

During the last years, the EUR exchange rate against the national currency increased. The direct effect of this was the decrease of cultural expenditure. In 2010, public cultural expenditure by local government was 718 million EUR, 1.55% less than in 2009. The previous year, the decrease in public cultural expenditure was 13%.

Table 5:     Local cultural expenditure, in RON and EUR, 2006-2010

Year

Total expenditure in RON

Total expenditure in EUR

2006

1 552 023 977

440 915 903

2007

2 196 218 788

659 525 161

2008

3 056 643 218

832 872 811

2009

3 076 816 060 

727 379 683

2010

3 024 817 000    

718 500 915

Source:     National Agency for Fiscal Administration.

According to the study entitled The cultural vitality of Romanian cities (available on http://culturadata.ro/.html) carried out in 2010 (The study was realised in 2010 using 2009 data) by the Centre for Research on Culture, an average of about 26 EUR (109 RON) is allocated for culture, religion, and recreation activities for each inhabitant from the local budget. This reflects a growth in the average local expenditure on culture since 2008, when its value was 13.8 EUR.

At national level, local authorities have allocated about 6.3% for culture from their own budgets (The analysis was realised for 46 cities, the county' capitals and cities with more than 50 000 inhabitants)

Map 1:       Expenditure for culture in local budgets of the cities, 2010

Source:     Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture, The cultural vitality of Romanian cities, 2010.
*                 Cultural budget index synthesises 2 relevant indicators (local budget for culture, proportion of cultural expenses of the total public budget expenses). Negative values (confusing, at first sight) indicate large deviations comparative with the medium level (very small "scores" for the majority of specified indicators)


Chapter published: 23-08-2012

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