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In accordance to the Austerity Law, salaries of employees in the cultural sector have decreased by 25%.

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Romania/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates  

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

According to data from the National Statistics Institute, in 2010, 32 601 people were employed in the cultural field (for number of employees in the cultural industries see chapter 4.2.3). Table 3 reflects a decrease of 23% in the number of workers in the cultural field compared with the previous year.

The negative trend in cultural employment started in 2009. By the end of that year all the cultural institutions suffered from loss of workforce, with the exception of museums and public galleries (where there was a small growth in personnel). In 2010, the negative trend continued, the most affected sectors being performing arts (a decrease of 36% compared with the previous year) and publishing industry (a decrease of 25% compared with the previous year). 

Table 3:     Cultural employment in the public sector, 2008-2010






9 213

8 686

8 008

Museums and public art galleries

7 854

7 866

7 094

Performing arts institutions

19 704

18 329

11 749

Cultural field without the publishing industry

36 771

34 881

26 851

Publishing industry*


7 648

5 750

Cultural field with the publishing industry


42 529

32 601

Source:     National Statistics Institute.
*                 there is no data regarding the number of employees in the publishing industry before 2009.

Besides cultural workers, these figures include the non-professional staff of cultural institutions. In 2010, in cultural institutions, 77% of the employees were cultural workers and 23% administrative and technical workers.

Even if the decrease rate is similar in these two categories of employees, it has a more powerful effect on the number of administrative and technical workers.

For example in 2008, in performing arts institutions, 75% of the employees were cultural workers and 25% administrative and technical workers. In 2010, the slow decrease in cultural workers is counterbalanced by a rapid decrease in non-professional staff, and distribution of employees is 80% and 20%.

There is new data concerning the number of freelance workers in the cultural sector.

Training programmes

As for the training programmes in the cultural field, from October 2009 to October 2012, The National Operetta Theatre "Ion Dacian" is implementing the project SCENART dedicated to jobs and professional training in the field of performing arts. The programme is realised in partnership with Accademia Teatro alla Scala of Milan and is co-funded by the European Social Fund. SCENART is the first Romanian programme supporting skill development in the performing arts sector. From April 2009 to January 2010, a number of specific training modules were organised at the National Operetta Theatre "Ion Dacian". These modules were structured in three sessions: artistic (choir, soloists, ballet, orchestras); administrative (management, project management, communication and PR, marketing and fundraising) and technical (lighting technician, sound technician, machinist, dresser, technical director, assistant director, delegate producer, make-up artist). The next phase, between February 2011 and January 2012 consists of external training and takes place in Metropolis Theatre in Bucharest, The National Theatre in Târgu Mures, Brasov Opera and the National Opera and Ballet Theatre "Oleg Danovski" in Constanta. The result of this programme is the training of at least 120 artists, 80 in the technical department and 100 people from the administration. (The information was gathered from the website of SCENART

Also, in the field of training, the NGO Association Persona, which is involved in creative education, organised the first ADAPT (Advancing Digital Art Performance Techniques) workshop in Romania from 10-16 May 2010. The project was realised in partnership with The National Contemporary Dance Centre, The University of Arts and The University of Theatre and Film.

The European project A.D.A.P.T. "is an experimental cultural project connecting digital art practices and technology-oriented body-centred performances. The consortium brings together recognised experts and emerging young artists to work with a high level of artistic excellence in the cutting-edge fields of staging robots, developing automated virtual characters, connecting real and virtual stages, and delivering innovative performances with thematic elements" (

There is no comprehensive data regarding employee remuneration in public cultural institutions. However, there is a law, no. 118/2010 which refers to all salaries in the public sector. According to this law (also known as the Austerity Law), the salaries of all employees from the cultural sector decreased by 25%.

Chapter published: 21-08-2012

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