4.2.5 Language issues and policies
The official language of Romania is Romanian. The main issue regarding language in Romania is the protection of the languages of the 20 minority ethnic groups. Protective principles can be found in the Local Public Administration Law no 286/2006, including the right to use a mother tongue within administrative procedures (Article 17), or the systematic translation of geographical names and indicators in all the spoken languages of a given area (Article 10 to 13).
In an attempt to counterbalance the strong pressure of the English language on Romanian, the Parliament adopted a Law on the use of Romanian in public places, circumstances and institutions (Law no 500/2004). The impact and credibility of this Law are still to be tested, taking into account the unpredictable and spontaneous character of any language's evolution.
On 24 October 2007, Romania adopted Law no 282 in order to ratify the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, signed at Strasbourg on 5 November 1992.