4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies
The main issues in relation to gender equality were addressed in the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of Romania (see: http://ec.europa.eu/youreurope/business/doing-business-responsibly/taking-sustainability-further/romania/index_en.htm). All employers in Romania should have, by law, non-discrimination policies, with regard not only to gender, but also race, ethnic origin, etc. Various organisations, such as the World Bank, UNDP, the Open Society Foundation, various NGOs, academic structures and policy-makers from Western Europe or the US have been actively involved in developing non-discrimination policies in Romania.
Generally, but not specifically, the cultural sector is included in the same framework. There are provisions regarding the cultural sector in Article 18 of Law no. 202/2002 on the Equality of Chances for Women and Men (amended by Law no. 501/2004). The National Council for Combating Discrimination, which was created by Governmental Directive (GD) no. 1194/2001, and amended by GD no. 1514/2002 and by Law no. 612/2002, has specific competencies in this field. However, the lower level positions in cultural institutions are generally feminised. Women, mostly, tend to hold positions in the box office, museum supervision and maintenance in cultural institutions, which have low wages.