In April 2011 a collaboration programme was signed in the fields of science, education and culture between the government of Romania and of the Republic of Moldova for the period 2011-2016.
3.4.3 European / international actors and programmes
Romania is an active member of several expert groups of the Council of Europe (CDCULT, CDPAT, Europae Archeologicae Consilium and CDMC). Romania is also part of several regional agreements, projects and partnerships, such as the Council of Ministers of Culture of South-Eastern Europe, following the signature of the Copenhagen Charter (2005), the Central European Initiative, the Danube Cooperation Process, the Stability Pact in South-eastern Europe, the South-eastern European Co-operation Initiative - but also in other areas, in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Europe. As a follow-up project in the framework of the Charter, Romania proposed the establishment, under Ministry of Culture and National Heritage's Centre for Cultural Studies and Research, of a Regional Observatory for Cultural Diversity (based in Bucharest) aimed at becoming a virtual network of researchers and policy-makers from each participant country of the Charter of Ministers of Culture from South-Eastern Europe.
In the field of the preservation of national mobile heritage, The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage was the implementation authority regarding the PHARE Project 2006/018-147.03.19: Integrated information management for the protection of mobile cultural heritage and cultural objects. The main purpose of this project was to increase the capacity of ministries and subordinate bodies, involved in the protection of movable cultural goods, to combat illegal trade and export, and theft, destruction and falsification of these cultural goods.
Romania was involved in European co-operation projects through its participation in the Culture 2000 Programme (the list of projects financed through Culture 2000 is available under http://www.cultura2007.ro/eng/document.php?doc=18) of the European Union and is involved currently in the Culture 2007-2013 Programme. The Cultural Contact Point for Romania for "Culture (2007-2013)" operates within the Consultancy Centre for European Cultural Programmes (actually the Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture). In 2008, the financed projects were in the domain of multiannual projects of cooperation (developed between of 3 and 5 years), projects of cultural cooperation (up to a maximum of 24 months), projects of literature translation, and the support of European cultural organisations (21 organisations from Romania). The list of funded projects is available under the following weblink: http://www.cultura2007.ro/files/proiecte%20RO_2008_print.pdf.
The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage cooperates with the International Network on Cultural Policy (INCP) and in 2009 hosted the reunion of INCP and also participated at their meetings.
Another programme was developed with The Norwegian Fund for Romania and Bulgaria. Through the EEA Financial Mechanism, administered by the Romanian Ministry of Public Finance as National Focal Point, 40 projects developed by Romanian companies, organisations and institutions were selected to receive grants. In addition, another 47 projects developed by Romanian NGOs in different priority areas have already received funding under the first round of the EEA NGO Fund, operated in Romania by the Civil Society Development Foundation and its partners: Carpathian Foundation and Environmental Partnership Foundation. The EEA Financial Mechanism (EEA Grants) makes available EUR 50.5 million to Romania in project assistance, of which EUR 48.5 million represents Norway's contribution. Projects developed by Romanian public entities and NGOs are supported through this mechanism in four priority areas: protection of the environment, human resource development, health and childcare and conservation of cultural heritage.
The EEA supported projects in the cultural field in the area of human resource development (Cultural Centres - Leaders in Community Development Through the Promotion of Cultural Heritage), and also in the field of conservation of cultural heritage (Conservation of the Historic Landscape of the Saxon Villages in Transylvania, Conservation and Restoration of the Ethnographic Heritage in ASTRA Museum – Sibiu Woods, Restoration and Revitalisation of the Butchers' Fortress in Baia Mare, Restoration of Traditional Hydro-Powered Technical Equipment within the Maramures Museum, Restoration of the Gabroveni Inn in Bucharest, Restoration of the Fifth Gate of the Vanubian Citadel Fortification in Alba Iulia). Information is available in The EEA Norway Grants Brochure and under http://www.norwaygrants.org/en/ and http://www.norvegia.ro/.
Another project was developed in Sibiu, which was selected as European Capital of Culture for the year 2007 (along with Luxembourg). An ambitious architectural restoration and rehabilitation programme was developed, in order to prepare an adequate infrastructure for the events on the project's agenda. The Centre for Research and Consultancy on Culture carried out a study on The impact of "Sibiu – European Capital of Culture 2007" - the economic agents in the Sibiu region and "Sibiu – European Capital of Culture 2007". The economic indicators for the first study were the turnover/sales figures, investment, workforce and profitability. The conclusions indicated that there was a positive economic impact for the companies in Sibiu and in the city's surrounding area, especially in the fields of tourism and transportation. The results of the second study "Sibiu – European Capital of Culture 2007" indicated a high level of knowledge and satisfaction regarding the programme as well as an attendance that reached 5% of Romania's population. As for the economic agents, the companies that invested the most in the programme operate in the fields of hospitality, tourism and transportation (http://www.culturadata.ro/Cercetari%20finalizateEN.html).
Romania hosted the 2006 International Francophone Summit, in recognition of both its cultural heritage and regional importance. The International Francophone Summit was held in the Year of Francophonie and was the first summit after the adoption of the Charter of the Francophonie.
Romania has a National Committee for UNESCO, as country with several sites included on the world heritage list. The UNESCO country office, UNESCO-CEPES (the European Centre for Higher Education / Centre Européen pour l'Enseignement Supérieur), was established in September 1972 with a view to promoting co-operation in higher education among Member States of the Europe Region (the countries of Europe, North America, and Israel). The activities of the Centre are focused, foremost, on higher education in Central and Eastern Europe and the Director of UNESCO-CEPES also serves as the Representative of UNESCO in Romania. Since September 2003, UNESCO-CEPES have been a consultative member of the Follow-up Group of the Bologna Process (BFUG), which is responsible for the implementation of the Bologna Process goals.
The Romanian ministries and bodies responsible for implementing and monitoring the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions are: the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and the National Committee for UNESCO.
International Cooperation agreements signed in 2011:
International Cooperation agreements signed in 2010:
International Cooperation agreements signed in 2009:
International Cooperation agreements signed in 2008