COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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New programmes to develop cultural establishments in rural and small urban areas.

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Romania/ 3. Competence, decision-making and administration  

3.3 Inter-ministerial or intergovernmental co-operation

While the historical pattern is centralised, with a strong accent on close control by the state, new mechanisms of inter-ministerial and intergovernmental co-operation have been progressively implemented since 1990.

Until 2007, the main objective of intergovernmental co-operation was providing an effective transversal and intersectorial decision-making circuit and framework, able to ensure Romania's accession to the EU, according to the agreed schedule.

From December 2004 to April 2007, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage has placed under the monitoring authority of a State Minister without portfolio, competent for European Integration, Education and Cultural Affairs (a minister which no longer exists). This approach was intended to foster and encourage the implementation of new mechanisms between the central executive level and its specialised central authorities.

During this period, several experts of the Romanian Ministry of European Integration worked within the General Secretariat of MoCRA and executed some of the tasks in the field of European Affairs. The tasks mainly consisted of the drafting and presentation of the Romanian National position papers on issues related to Audiovisual Culture (under Chapter 20 of negotiations with the EU) and Intellectual Property Rights (under Chapter 5 of negotiations with the EU), upon the mandatory approval of the Ministry of European Integration, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and, when needed, of the National Audiovisual Council.

Throughout the duration of the programme Sibiu-European Cultural Capital, the Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs cooperated, in the year 2006, with the National Tourism Authority (an authority which no longer exists) in promoting the programme at international tourism fairs.

In June 2012, the Romanian Government initiated the process of organisation and functioning of the partnership for the programming of European Funds (http://www.maeur.ro/files/articles/Anexa_2-_Organizarea_si_functionarea_cadrului_partenerial_pentru_programarea_fondurilor_europene_destinate_unei_dezvoltari_inteligente,_durabile_si_incluzive_2014-2020.pdf). MoCNP, alongside the Minister of European Affairs and the Minister of Regional Development and Tourism coordinates the Consultative Committee for Tourism, Culture and National Heritage. The objective of this CC is the creation of an Operational Programme in the field of Culture (see chapter 2.3). Under the partnership terms, MoCNP is also responsible for secretariat activities of the CC.

The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage shares competencies for the elaboration of sectorial public policies with other public entities, such as the National Audiovisual Council (the NAC) within specific coordination mechanisms. Therefore, a joint group of experts from MoCRA and the NAC was established to monitor issues related to the implementation of the Convention on Transfrontier Television and other relevant European texts in the audiovisual sector (including the revision of the European directive "Television Without Frontiers").

At the central / local level, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage cooperates with the Bucharest Municipality on several large scale projects (such as the rehabilitation and restoration of the Bucharest Historical Centre). In the past MoCNH cooperated with the local administration of Sibiu and with other municipalities on specific cultural events (e.g. theatre or music festivals).

In August 2010, the government approved the establishment of the Inter-ministerial Committee and working group on the reform of laws and procedures in the field of urban planning, architecture and construction which includes The Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. The Inter-ministerial Committee members are appointed at state secretary level from the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism, the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Justice and the General Secretariat of the government.

Since 2006, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage has been involved in a new inter-ministerial project. G.O no.118/2006 was the legislative framework for the organisation and development of a public cultural establishment requiring cooperation between the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The main goal of the programme is building cultural establishments in localities where there are no such institutions, and the restoration, modernisation, equipping of public cultural establishments in rural and small urban areas. In April 2011, the National Investment Company (a society under the authority of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism) and the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage published four operational guides for the completion endowment of cultural establishment in the rural and small urban communities. (See also: http://www.cni.com.ro/programe/5-program-prioritar-national-pentru-asezaminte-culturale).


Chapter published: 21-08-2012

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