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Romania/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy  

2.2 National definition of culture

The Ministry of Culture and Religious Affairs drafted a National Development Plan for the period 2007-2013. The NDP is a very useful and valuable planning tool, evaluating the issues at stake, irrespective of political changes. Thus, it provides a neutral approach and diagnosis of the main trends and identifies clear attainable objectives.

The NDP provides a pluralist definition of culture, which is considered as "[….] a factor of social development, not merely a sector that only consumes public financial resources. In this respect, culture may be also viewed as an instrument for the accomplishment of other social and economic objectives (e.g.: employment, economic and education benefits, social cohesion, and addressing social problems) and must be understood as a tool to promote social value and dynamics."

Article 3 of Government Directive no. 78/2005 also expresses the fundamental, definitive principles of cultural policy (see chapter 2.1, second paragraph).

Culture is not only seen as one of the key factors of sustainable development and a core indicator for the overall quality of life; it also has an important role in simultaneously generating and responding to specific needs and aspirations, expressing identities and essential values and consolidating social cohesion and structures.

Therefore, culture ceases to be a mere source of expenditure and is transformed into a dynamic public service, which contributes to economic growth on a sustainable basis.

Chapter published: 21-08-2012

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