Romania/ 2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy
2.1 Main features of the current cultural policy model
One of the main roles of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage is to ensure the compliance and promotion of the fundamental rights and liberties established by the Romanian constitution and by the international treaties and conventions to which Romania is party, regarding: freedom of expression and creation, equal opportunities and free access to culture, participation in cultural life, freedom of conscience and of religious beliefs.
According to Government Directive no. 78/2005, the Ministry carries out its activities based on the following fundamental principles:
- culture and cultural freedom are an essential element of human development;
- cultural creativity represents one of the main sources of human progress;
- culture is an important factor of durable development;
- culture represents a factor in the stimulation of the quality of life and ensures social
- the religious groups recognised by law are free, autonomous and equal in their relations with the authorities.
The main objectives of the Ministry's activities are:
- increasing the degree of access to and participation to culture;
- promotion of diversity and preservation of cultural identities;
- promotion of multiculturalism and protection of the culture of minorities;
- protection of cultural, material and immaterial heritage;
- promotion and development of contemporary creation and support for the creators;
- support for the circulation of cultural works and creations, promotion of intercultural dialogue and of cultural creation within the world's circuit of values;
- support for artists' and creators' mobility, and also for cultural specialists;
- fostering cultural life within local communities;
- support for community involvement in the development of the knowledge society, by means of promoting universal access by public institutions to information centres;
- designing a specific social protection system for creators and artists;
- fostering development of the cultural industries sector;
- specialised training for workers in the cultural sector;
- promotion of programmes and projects dedicated to adult education; and
- support for the law recognising religious groups.
The Romanian cultural policy model can be characterised, therefore, as more oriented towards consumer-generated benefits / satisfaction, especially through the strengthening of managerial responsibilities of the directors of cultural institutions, the establishment of new and more complex decentralised services and the financial operation of "arm's length bodies", such as the Administration of the National Cultural Fund.
Chapter published: 21-08-2012