COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Spain - Profile Updates


3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.3 Inter-ministerial or intergovernmental co-operation

Also in 2014, a working group was established to promote communication and cooperation in the cinematography and audiovisual field.

Spain/ 3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.3 Inter-ministerial or intergovernmental co-operation

A working group aimed at the preservation, cataloguing and dissemination of Spanish musical heritage was set up at the end of 2014.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.2 Public actors and cultural diplomacy

After several years of drastic cuts in funding to the Cervantes Institute, the allocation for 2014 increased by nearly 20%.

Spain/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.2 Heritage issues and policies

A new website on the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage was launched in Spain in 2014.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

The first Annual Report on Digital Culture (2014) focussed on the performing arts and the 2015 report will focus on the impact on museums.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

The new 2014 Act on Telecommunications is aimed at strengthening coordination between different levels of government, encouraging a more efficient and flexible use of the radio spectrum and improving the protection of users.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

At the end of 2014 a fiscal reform included some measures to foster patronage and other fiscal incentives to culture by 2016.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

New fiscal reform also establishes some additional benefits for performing arts, music, and for the audiovisual sector.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

A 2014 Royal Decree Act modifies infrastructures and transport, and other economic measures with the aim of bringing greater dynamism to the market of art, antiquities and collection items, and to enhance the production of national artists.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

The Catalan Parliament passed a new Act in 2014 to establish a tax on the provision of content by providers of electronic communication services.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.7 Copyright provisions

Modifications to the Intellectual Property Act relate to copyright management societies, protection of intellectual property rights in the digital environment, and a transitory revision of the concept of private copying and harmonisation of EU Directives.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.3 Cultural heritage

In October 2014, the government approved the project of the Act on Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.4 Literature and libraries

The National Library of Spain was provided with financial autonomy and the right to raise revenue in July 2014.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.5 Architecture and spatial planning

Valencia, The Basque Country and Cantabria  updated their laws for protection and landscape management in 2014.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.8 Other areas of relevant legislation

The central government is preparing a new Act on Foundations.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

The state cultural budget for 2012 (most recent data) suffered a 19% reduction from 2011, while spending by Autonomous Communities reduced by 14% and local administrations by 20%.

6.2 Public cultural expenditure

6.2.1 Aggregated indicators

In the period 2006-2012, per capita public expenditure on culture decreased in nominal terms by 25% (and 34.5% at constant prices for 2011).

7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure

7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions

Due to crisis in the flagship cultural institutions, the Ministry is encouraging them to cooperate on promotion and distribution of projects likely to be shared.

8.1 Support to artists and other creative workers

8.1.1 Overview of strategies, programmes and direct or indirect forms of support

In 2014, the Ministry launched the Virtual Office of the Artist to facilitate creative activity, improving the training of agents, and promoting the dissemination of work, both nationally and internationally.

8.1 Support to artists and other creative workers

8.1.1 Overview of strategies, programmes and direct or indirect forms of support

A new State programme was introduced in 2014 to enhance the circulation of performing arts events in spaces owned by local entities.

8.2 Cultural consumption and participation

8.2.1 Trends and figures

Overall cultural spending by households between 2006 and 2013 decreased by 21% in nominal terms.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.2 Arts in schools

A new programme encourages students in their last two years of education, as well as teachers, to develop an active interest in heritage.

8.4 Amateur arts, cultural associations and civil initiatives

8.4.1 Amateur arts and folk culture

In 2014, the Council of Cultural Associations was created for the monitoring and evaluation of policies in the field of cultural associations in Catalonia.