COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Slovenia - Profile Updates


2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy

2.2 National definition of culture

Architecture and design have been added to the list of cultural fields supported by the Ministry of Culture, both for policy and programme development.

2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

The National programme for culture 2014-17 introduced new areas of cultural and creative industries, cultural market discourses and explicit mention of the labour market in the cultural sector.

3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.3 Inter-ministerial or intergovernmental co-operation

Despite assumptions that culture would be an important part of the Strategy for the Development of Slovenia 2014-2020, this sector remains on the fringes.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends

The international cultural policy for 2014-2017 includes: enhancing mobility in strategic geographical areas; establishing artist-in-residence programmes abroad; promoting cultural and creative industries, and publicising important events and dates.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.2 Public actors and cultural diplomacy

The CoMoCoSEE strategy of regional cooperation for 2014-2015 prioritises: cultural heritage; illicit trafficking of cultural property; fostering creativity and the diversity of cultural expressions; and development of cultural and arts education in the region.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.2 Public actors and cultural diplomacy

Funds for international cultural cooperation have decreased between 2001 and 2014.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Amendments to the Act Regulating the Realisation of the Public Interest in the Field of Culture in 2013 relate to self-employment, responsibilities of municipalities and easier regulation of co-financing projects.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.2.1 Conceptual issues of policies for the arts

With over 70 goals, it is difficult to identify a cultural policy theme in the National Programme for Culture 2014-2017.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

The Slovenian Film Centre and the Slovenian Book Agency, whose existence had been threatened in 2012 due to austerity measures, have now been rescued following professional protests.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

Support for the media as part of the national budget in 2013 was 1.64%, which is half of the amount dedicated to this purpose in 2005 (3.59%).

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

3% of all workers were employed in the cultural sector in 2012.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

Wages in the the public cultural sector are better than the average wages in the Slovenian economy,  by about 15%.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.3 Other relevant issues and debates

The Ministry of Culture was re-established in 2013 following its merger in a larger ministry  in 2012.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.4 Social security frameworks

Controversy has resulted from changes to the criteria for obtaining the status of self-employed in culture, for tax purposes and social security.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.4 Social security frameworks

A new Pension and Disability Insurance Act which is being introduced gradually up to 2018may lead to income inequality among those self-employed in culture and impact on private entrepreneurs in the field.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

VAT rates were changed in 2014 to harmonise with EU Directives, with a reduced rate of 9.5% for books, cinema tickets and entertainment events.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.3 Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage priorities for the period to 2015 include legal changes to enhance investment; more appropriate measures for maintenance of the cultural landscape; tourism and sustainable economic development.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.4 Literature and libraries

According to the Single Price for Books Act adopted in 2013, book prices are kept fixed by law for 6 months.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

National cultural expenditure in 2012 amounted to 2.31% of GDP compared to 2.72% in 2010.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

The Minister of Culture managed to negotiate a much lower cut of the budget for culture in 2014 than the government had planned.

6.2 Public cultural expenditure

6.2.1 Aggregated indicators

There has been a significant drop in public cultural expenditure per capita in 2013 (163 in 2012 and 138 in 2013).

6. Financing of culture

6.3. Trends and indicators for private cultural financing

The share of funds raised by the main tax incentive for donations to charities amounted to 16.17% of all possible funds in 1997, 9.32% in 2003 and only 6.27% in 2013.

8.1 Support to artists and other creative workers

8.1.3 Grants, awards, scholarships

Despite research and legal planning related to a Percent for Art Scheme in Slovenia in 2011, the proposal is still awaiting political support.

8.2 Cultural consumption and participation

8.2.1 Trends and figures

In 2012 there was a significant rise in all cultural performance measures, attributable to the effect of European Capital of Culture, but they have not been sustained.