COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Romania - Profile Updates


2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

A major cultural priority is the programme for the next round of Structural Funds 2014-20.

3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.2 Overall description of the system

New Agency created to manage national cultural projects.

3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.2 Overall description of the system

Government has put forward a draft legislation that will stop the transfer of the 2% of the Romanian Lottery revenues to the Administration of the National Cultural Fund.

Romania/ 3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.3 Inter-ministerial or intergovernmental co-operation

New programmes to develop cultural establishments in rural and small urban areas.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.2 Public actors and cultural diplomacy

In June 2012, Romanian Cultural Institute was restructured by an emergency ordinance. This measure has been contested by several artists and cultural organisations.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.3 European / international actors and programmes

In April 2011 a collaboration programme was signed in the fields of science, education and culture between the government of Romania and of the Republic of Moldova for the period 2011-2016.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

Copyright industries’ share of the national economy increased from 3.75% in 2002 to 5.95% in 2009.

Romania/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

Ministry of Culture works on a policy of supporting the creative and cultural sectors, with a special focus on SMEs and NGOs having a cultural profile.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

Due to financial problems the Romanian Television Society announced the closing down of TVR Cultural and TVR Info.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

In accordance to the Austerity Law, salaries of employees in the cultural sector have decreased by 25%.

Romania/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.11 New technologies and digitalisation in the arts and culture

Digitisation and other technical developments in Romania are supported by a number of new projects.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.4 Social security frameworks

A new Labour Law obliges employers to make social contributions for limited contracts.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

Architecture was added in 2011 to the list of 8 beneficiary areas of the cultural added tax.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

Rates for calculating net income for copyright are changed.

6.2 Public cultural expenditure

6.2.1 Aggregated indicators

In 2010, the share of cultural expenditure in the total public expenditure was 2.09%.

6.2 Public cultural expenditure

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

In 2010, public cultural expenditure by local government was 1.55% less than in 2009. The previous year, the decrease in public cultural expenditure was 13%.

6. Financing of culture

6.3. Trends and indicators for private cultural financing

15% of tax donors chose a "cultural, artistic, sportive and recreational" NGO.

Romania/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation

8.2.1 Trends and figures

Attendance figures for culture continue a downward decline in 2010.

Romania/ 8.2 Cultural consumption and participation

8.2.2 Policies and programmes

The Cultural Elevator is a new virtual platform of communication between young people and cultural institutions in Bucharest.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.2 Arts in schools

In 2011-2012 the programme "the different school" is being organised, which consist of non-formal activities to encourage and to develop the artistic talent of the youth.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.3 Intercultural education

Roma high school proposed for Bucharest.