COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 The Netherlands - Profile Updates


3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.2 Overall description of the system

Municipalities and provinces have been reducing their culture budgets in recent years and more cuts are expected.

3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.2 Overall description of the system

A Cultural Survey: Developments and Trends in Cultural Life in the Netherlands (2014) will help guide the policies of the Minister of Culture in the coming years.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.2 Public actors and cultural diplomacy

The Homogenous Budget for International Cooperation will have its funding reduced by 20% for the coming years.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Space for Culture (June 2015) contains the Minister’s principles for cultural policy and the state supported infrastructure in the period 2017-2020.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Private sources are matching government funding of 25 million euro to provide music education in primary schools up to 2020.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

The culture budget has increased slightly since 2013, although it is targeted at additional programmes such as development of young talent, innovation and cooperation.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.2.1 Conceptual issues of policies for the arts

The Minister for Culture stresses the value of arts for society with a programme to support art projects with a clear impact in fields like health care, climate, or in neighbourhoods.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.2 Heritage issues and policies

A partnership with key national organisations is being launched in 2015 to enhance digital services in the heritage sector.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.2 Heritage issues and policies

A new Cultural Heritage Act is planned to protect museum collections at national level.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

The Media Act in force since 2009 is growing outdated as it does not meet the current trends towards digitisation and convergence.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

By 2016, only eight broadcasters and three candidate-broadcasters will be admitted to the Netherlands Public Broadcasting System, instead of the 21 that are active now.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

The Gift and Inheritance Tax Act 2012 has been extended until 2018, making ‘giving to culture’ fiscally attractive.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.7 Copyright provisions

The Copyright Contract Law was changed in July 2015 to strengthen the position of contract-holders with publishing houses, record companies etc.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.7 Copyright provisions

The Copyright Act is in the process of being modernised and will be changed to only protect creative writing, instead of all writing.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.3 Cultural heritage

A new Cultural Heritage Act will operate from 2016 and will replace six laws and regulations for both movable and immovable heritage.

5.3 Sector specific legislation

5.3.4 Literature and libraries

In January 2015 a new Libraries Act was implemented, addressing core functions as well as digitisation in the sector.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

The structural budget for culture was 34% lower in 2013 than in 2010.

6. Financing of culture

6.3. Trends and indicators for private cultural financing

In the period 1995-2011, ‘giving to culture’ increased by 246%.

7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure

7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions

Funding for the media has been slashed and the Media Fund is to be dismantled.

7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure

7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions

In 2011 volunteers represented 73% of the total labour force in museums, 44% in libraries and 63% in pop music venues.

7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure

7.3 Status and partnerships of public cultural institutions

The American practice of buying a position on the board of trustees has been introduced but for now has been restricted to private cultural enterprises.

8.2 Cultural consumption and participation

8.2.2 Policies and programmes

Ownership of the Museum Pass trebled between 2005 and 2014 boosting museum attendance.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.2 Arts in schools

A new school exam programme for cultural participation and appreciation is being developed.

8.4 Amateur arts, cultural associations and civil initiatives

8.4.1 Amateur arts and folk culture

Libraries, cultural education, amateur arts, performing arts and museums will be especially affected in expected cuts to municipality budgets.