COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Latvia - Profile Updates


2. General objectives and principles of cultural policy

2.3 Cultural policy objectives

A new mid-term cultural policy document "Creative Latvia" for the period 2014-2020 was produced in July 2014.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends

Latvian culture as part of European cultural diversity is the priority of international cultural policy in 2014.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Three new concert halls are being built in the the regional cities of Cēsis, Liepāja and Rēzekne and in 2013, The Daugavpils Mark Rothko Art Centre was opened.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Delays in heritage reconstruction have led to a number of major cultural institutions being closed during the European Capital of Culture in 2014.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

Following the economic crisis, stabilisation has started in different fields, including financing for culture, cultural consumption and spending on culture.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

From 2008-2012, the number of creative industry enterprises increased by 35%, although employment in this sector declined.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

A new study was published in 2013 on The Performance of the Creative Industries Sector of Latvia and Preconditions for its Targeted Development.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

In 2013, a new programme for creative industry projects was launched with a total budget of 142 857 EUR.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

In 2013, the Ministry of Culture co-financed the establishment of the Music Export Foundation of Latvia.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

In 2013, a decision was taken to merge public broadcasters Latvian Television and Latvian Radio which will take 5 years and 60 million euro to complete.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.8 Social cohesion and cultural policies

The National Development Plan of Latvia for 2014-2020 includes the development of creative territories and cultural services.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.8 Social cohesion and cultural policies

As part of the Structural Funds period 2014-2020 Latvia hopes to invest in cultural infrastructure, creative industries and cultural heritage.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

The study on the Status of Creative Persons in Latvia in 2012 indicate that 18% of respondents are self-employed, while 25% are employed illegally.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

In 2012, the average salary in public administration increased to 734 EUR, while in the public cultural sector salaries rose to 493 EUR.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

Remuneration for public lending to copyright owners was increased in 2013 to 10% of the amount that libraries spend on buying new books in the previous year (since 2009 the rate had been 5%).

5.1 General legislation

5.1.4 Social security frameworks

In 2013, the Ministry of Welfare was working to tighten the laws on public service pensions, including those in the cultural sector.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

The building of the Latvian National Library was completed in 2014.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

The budget of the Ministry of Culture rose from 135 million euro in 2012 to 142 million in 2013.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

Household expenditure for recreation and culture is slowly increasing again since 2011.

6.2 Public cultural expenditure

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

In 2007, culture made up 44% of municipal expenditure, while in 2011 this share had increased to 55%, although municipal budgets in general have been reduced.