COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Hungary - Profile Updates


3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.2 Overall description of the system

Five parliamentary acts and several government decrees on culture were passed between 2011 and 2014.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.2 Public actors and cultural diplomacy

New Hungarian Cultural Institutes are planned for Baku, Istanbul, Zagreb, Beijing, Tokyo, Cluj and Ljubljana.

Hungary/ 4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

The Hungarian Academy of Arts has been given increasing resources and competences.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

A new public research institute was set up by the government in 2013 to ‘strengthen national cohesion’ and to consider the history of the past 150 years in (re)building national historic identity.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

The ‘new national public collection complex’ will absorb the following institutions by 2018: Museum of Ethnography, Hungarian Photography Museum, ‘New National Gallery’ including the Ludwig Museum, the House of Hungarian Music and the Hungarian Architecture Museum.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.2 Heritage issues and policies

From 2015, the Prime Minister’s Office will be working on a ‘new, comprehensive modification’ of the heritage protection regulations.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.5 Language issues and policies

In 2014, a new Hungarian Language Strategy Institute was set up under the Prime Minister’s Office.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

From July 2014 all media entrepreneurs, including publishers and beneficiaries of open air advertising and internet adverts have to pay sharply progressive tax above a certain income.

4.2 Recent policy issues and debates

4.2.6 Media pluralism and content diversity

The firing of the editor-in-chief of origo.hu, one of the two major news portals, in June 2014, is seen as a reprisal for criticism of the Chief of the Prime Minister’s Office.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.8 Social cohesion and cultural policies

In 2014 a new Round Table of ‘Cultural Basic Provision’ was established to ensure that quality culture reaches the broadest possible audience around the country.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

Thousands of unemployed people are being given temporary contracts in cultural institutions across the country as part of the government's employment policies.

Hungary/ 5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

Support soared for theatres, orchestras and dance groups in 2013 under the tax credit arrangement to the amount of 80% of box office income.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.7 Copyright provisions

From 2014, 25% of income from levies on blank casettes, discs, pendrives etc. will be channelled to finance a new programme for young pop-rock talent.

6.2 Public cultural expenditure

6.2.1 Aggregated indicators

Public cultural expenditure has been decreasing both centrally and at local level in recent years.

7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure

7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies

Chapter 7.1 gives a run down of significant EU funds invested in Hungarian cultural projects in recent years.