COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Finland - Profile Updates


Finland/ 1. Historical perspective: cultural policies and instruments

The Ministry of Education and Culture announced a schedule of budget cuts for the arts and culture between 2015 and 2018.

1. Historical perspective: cultural policies and instruments

A decrease in profits from the National Lottery will result in a cut of 4.3 million EUR  in the financing of cultural organisations in 2015.

3. Competence, decision-making and administration

3.2 Overall description of the system

Restructuring at the Department for Cultural, Sports and Youth Policy in May 2014 will see a separate Department for Art and Culture.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.1 Overview of main structures and trends

A new strategy for Cultural Cooperation in the Barents Region 2014-2018 was drafted in 2014.

3.4 International cultural co-operation

3.4.3 European / international actors and programmes

In 2013 Finland ratified theUNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Finland/ 4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

The Arts Promotion Centre Finland (2013) results from a reorganization of the arts councils and has a wide and somewhat ambiguous mandate.

Finland/ 4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

Direct copyright revenue streams in the creative industries showed growth in all industries apart from advertising between 2012 and 2014.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

Since 2013, The Finnish Broadcasting Company has been financed by a so-called FBC tax, collected from individual Finnish citizens and businesses.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

Culture made up more than 4% of all employed persons in the Finnish national economy in 2011.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

The National Audiovisual Institute is a new body responsible for film classification and the national audiovisual archive from 2014.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.2.4 Cultural diversity and inclusion policies

The new Cultura Foundation (2013) takes over responsibility for cultural and social integration of the large Russian speaking minority in Finland.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.3 Other relevant issues and debates

The Finnish National Gallery started operating as a foundation at the beginning of 2014, with funding from the National Lottery.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.3 Other relevant issues and debates

A new government programme focuses on participation by children and youth in cultural services including a new national promotion centre for children's culture and arts education.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.5 Tax laws

In January 2013 the lower rate of VAT on books and income fees of cultural services and performances and sales of works of art was increased from 9 to 10%.

7. Public institutions in cultural infrastructure

7.1 Cultural infrastructure: tendencies & strategies

Employment in professional theatres, orchestras and museums increased by 8% between 2007 and 2010 and the average salary also rose by 8% due to an increase in subsidies.

8.1 Support to artists and other creative workers

8.1.1 Overview of strategies, programmes and direct or indirect forms of support

The Ministry of Education and Culture will implement four development programmes within its own sector and two inter-sectorally under the Structural Funds 2014-2020.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.1 Institutional overview

In 2013 a cut of 35 million EUR was proposed in the public funding for voluntary general adult education, which may mean less courses and an increase in fees.

8.3 Arts and cultural education

8.3.4 Higher arts education and professional training

A reform of the polytechnic system in 2013 reduced the number of student places on cultural courses due to an oversupply of graduates in the field.