COMPENDIUM CULTURAL POLICIES AND TRENDS IN EUROPE
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 Estonia - Profile Updates


1. Historical perspective: cultural policies and instruments

Construction work on the National Museum started in April 2013 and a decision has been made on the location  of the Estonian Academy of Arts.

Estonia/ 4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.1 Main cultural policy issues and priorities

New Directions of Cultural Policy 2014-2020 were published by government in February 2014, with a new focus on cultural practice, sustainability and culture as a constituent part of other fields of society and government.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.2 Heritage issues and policies

A council of experts dealing with the preservation of digital heritage was formed in November 2013.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.3 Cultural/creative industries: policies and programmes

A 2013 report on the creative industries estimates their share of GDP at 2.7% in 2011, down from 2.9% in 2007, while the number of enterprises and the number of employees increased.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.5 Language issues and policies

A debate about establishing a public TV channel for service in Russian surfaced again in 2014.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.7 Intercultural dialogue: actors, strategies, programmes

The proposal for a new Estonian Integration Strategy document for 2014-2020 awaits parliamentary debate.

4.2 Specific policy issues and recent debates

4.2.9 Employment policies for the cultural sector

The average monthly net wage of those employed in entertainment, sports, and culture in 2013 was 75.3 % of the average wage of all employees.

4. Current issues in cultural policy development and debate

4.3 Other relevant issues and debates

A controversy over the chief editorship of a state-owned cultural weekly triggered a wider discussion over the independence of arm's length bodies and the downfall of the Minister of Culture.

5.1 General legislation

5.1.7 Copyright provisions

An amendment to the Copyright Act 2013 specifies the right of a musical performer to receive royalties from the publisher of a phonogram during a period of 50 years from the first-time publication of a performance.

6. Financing of culture

6.1 Short overview

Public cultural expenditure decreased from 251 million euro in 2011 to 226 million in 2012.

8.1 Direct and indirect support to artists

8.1.4 Support to professional artists associations or unions

New associations for dance artists, arts scholars / curators and landscape architects were recognised by the Ministry of Culture in 2012-2014.